Throat pain during pregnancy

Throat pain during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a critical phase in the life of women in which the immune system experiences various changes. This altered immune response often makes pregnant women more susceptible to infections, including respiratory diseases such as sore throat. Throat pain during pregnancy can cause discomfort and concern, but knowing its proper causes, symptoms and treatment options can help relieve concerns and guarantee a healthy pregnancy.

A frequent cause of throat pain during pregnancy is a viral or bacterial infection. Viruses such as common cold or flu can cause throat pain, along with symptoms such as cough, sneezing, nasal secretion and body pain. Similarly, bacterial infections such as streptococcus can also cause throat pain, commonly known as streptococcal pharyngitis. Other factors that can contribute to throat pain during pregnancy are dry air, allergies and gastroesophageal reflux disease (EGE).

Important note: If you experience throat pain accompanied by high fever, difficulty swallowing or inflamed lymph nodes, it is essential that you consult your healthcare professional, since it can indicate a more serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.

To relieve the inconvenience of a throat pain during pregnancy, there are several safe and effective treatment options. Drinking a lot of liquid, such as hot water with honey or infusions, helps relieve the throat and keeps the body hydrated. Making gargares with temperate salt water can help reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Sale throat pills without recipe or sprays specifically for pregnant women can also provide temporary relief. However, it is important to consult the doctor before taking any medication or remedy.

During pregnancy, it is essential to give priority to sel f-care and maintain a healthy lifestyle to reinforce the immune system and prevent infections. Practicing good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently and avoiding narrow contact with people suffering from a contagious disease, can significantly reduce the risk of sore throat during pregnancy. If the symptoms persist or get worse, it is always recommended to consult a healthcare professional to guarantee the welfare of the mother and the baby.

Sore Throat in Pregnancy

Causes: Sore throat during pregnancy can be caused by viral infections such as the common cold or flu, which are more common due to the weakened immune system during pregnancy. Bacterial infections, such as strep throat, can also be a cause. Allergies, especially to environmental irritants or certain foods, can trigger a sore throat. Postnasal drip, a common condition during pregnancy, can cause irritation and inflammation in the throat and lead to a sore throat.

Important: It is important for pregnant women to consult their doctor if they have a sore throat, especially if symptoms persist or worsen. This is necessary to rule out any serious underlying conditions and receive appropriate treatment.

Symptoms: Symptoms of a sore throat can vary and may include pain or discomfort when swallowing, a stinging or burning sensation in the throat, dryness, hoarseness, and swollen tonsils. Some pregnant women may also experience accompanying symptoms such as cough, runny nose, and body aches. However, it is important to keep in mind that these symptoms can also be associated with other respiratory infections, so proper medical evaluation is essential.

  1. Difficulty to swallow
  2. Itchy or burning sensation in the throat
  3. Dryness
  4. Hoarseness
  5. Imflammed amygdals
Causes Symptoms Treatment
  • viral infections
  • Bacterial infections
  • Allergies
  • Post-nasal drip
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Itching or burning sensation
  • Dryness
  • Hoarseness
  • Imflammed amygdals

Rest, stay hydrated, gargle with warm salt water, use lozenges, avoid irritants, over-the-counter pain relievers, or prescription medications as advised by your healthcare professional.

Causes of Sore Throat during Pregnancy

1. Hormonal changes: During pregnancy, a woman’s body experiences important hormonal changes. These changes can affect the immune system, making it more susceptible to infections such as colds and respiratory illnesses. This, in turn, can cause a sore throat.

  1. Viral infections: Viruses are a common cause of sore throat, especially during pregnancy. The most common viral infections are the common cold, the flu, and the Epstein-Barr virus (responsible for mononucleosis). These viruses can spread through respiratory droplets or by touching contaminated surfaces and then touching your face.
  2. Bacterial infections: although less frequent, bacterial infections can also cause throat pain during pregnancy. Streptococcus pyogenes, the bacteria responsible for streptococcal pharyngitis can cause strong pain and throat. It is important to diagnose and treat bacterial infections on time to avoid complications.
  3. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (EGE): Pregnancy can increase the risk of eGe, a disease in which stomach acid returns to the esophagus. This can irritate the throat and cause throat pain. Hormonal changes and the growth of the uterus can contribute to the development or worsening of GERD during pregnancy.
Causes of throat pain in pregnancy
Hormonal changes
viral infections
Bacterial infections
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (EGE)

Note: It is important that pregnant women who experience throat pain consult with their healthcare professional. A healthcare professional can evaluate the underlying cause of the symptom and recommend adequate treatment options that are safe during pregnancy.

Common Symptoms of Sore Throat in Pregnant Women

1. Pain or irritation in the throat: The main symptom of throat pain in pregnant women is the presence of pain or irritation in the throat. This discomfort can go from slight to serious and can get worse when swallowing or speaking. It can also be accompanied by a feeling of itching or dryness in the throat.

2. Redness and swelling: Another frequent symptom is the appearance of redness and swelling in the throat, often accompanied by inflammation of the tonsils. This can cause the throat to look enlarged and can cause difficulty breathing or swallow.

Note: Pregnant women should be cautious and seek medical attention if they experience serious or persistent symptoms of throat pain, since it can indicate a more serious condition such as streptococcal pharyngitis or tonsilitis.

3. Ronquera or changes in the voice: throat pain can also cause voice changes, giving rise to rumor or hoarse voice. This can affect communication and cause discomfort when speaking.

4. Tos and congestion: In some cases, throat pain can be accompanied by cough and congestion. This can be annoying and indicate the presence of a respiratory infection.

  • 5. Difficulty swallowing: pregnant women with throat pain can have difficulty swallowing food or even saliva due to the pain and inflammation of the throat.
  • 6. Fatigue and body pain: throat pain, especially if it is accompanied by other flu symptoms, can cause fatigue and body pain in pregnant women.

When to Seek Medical Assistance for Sore Throat during Pregnancy

1. Serious or prolonged symptoms: If you experience serious or persistent symptoms of throat pain, it is recommended to consult the doctor. Although common throat pains are usually resolved in a week, the symptoms that persist for a longer time can indicate a more serious underlying condition that requires medical evaluation. In addition, intense pain, difficulty swallowing and breathing difficulty can indicate an urgent need for medical care.

  • Serious or prolonged symptoms of throat pain:
    • Inability to eat or drink
    • Persistent pain and discomfort
    • 38. 3 ° C fever (101 ° F) or higher
    • Tonsils or lymph nodes of the inflamed neck
    • Pus or white spots on the tonsils
    • Difficulty breathing or swallowing

Note: Serious or prolonged symptoms of throat pain during pregnancy may require a medical evaluation to rule out possible complications and guarantee proper treatment.

2. Systemic symptoms: If, together with the throat pain, it experiences other systemic symptoms, it is important that you seek medical assistance. These symptoms may include high fever, body pain, fatigue, headache and inflammation of the ganglia. Systemic symptoms suggest that the infection has spread beyond the throat and may require medical intervention to prevent greater complications.

In general, it is recommended to contact the doctor if you are not sure of the severity of the symptoms of throat pain or if they get worse over time. Your medical care provider may evaluate your condition, provide appropriate treatment options and offer guidance on how to handle your symptoms effectively during pregnancy.

Home Remedies to Relieve Sore Throat in Pregnancy

1. Make a lukewarm water: one of the simplest and most effective home remedies for sore throat is to gargariate with warm salt water. This helps reduce inflammation and eliminate throat bacteria. Add half a teaspoon of salt to a glass of warm water and remove until it dissolves. Gargar you with this solution for 30 seconds and then listen to it. Repeat this operation several times a day to relieve pain.

  • 2. Stay hydrated: drinking a lot of liquid is essential during pregnancy, and can also help relieve throat pain. Water, infusions and hot soups can provide relief by keeping the wet throat and avoiding dryness.
  • 3. Use a humidifier: dry air can worsen throat pain. Using a humidifier in the bedroom can add moisture to the air and relieve irritation. Be sure to clean the humidifier regularly to avoid the proliferation of bacteria.

It is important to keep in mind that if a throat pain persists for more than a few days, or if you experience intense pain, difficulty swallowing or other worrying symptoms, it is recommended to consult a health professional for greater evaluation and treatment.

4. Honey and warm water: Mixing a teaspoon of honey with a glass of warm water can provide temporary relief of throat pain. Honey has natural antibacterial properties and can relieve irritated tissues of the throat. However, it is important to keep in mind that honey should not be administered to children under one year due to the risk of botulism.

Home remedies to relieve throat pain in pregnancy:
Stay hydrated
Use a humidifier
Honey and warm water

These home remedies can easily be incorporated into your daily routine to relieve throat pain during pregnancy. However, it is always advisable to consult with your medical care provider before trying any new remedy, especially if you have any underlying medical condition or concern.

Safe Medications for Treating Sore Throat in Pregnancy

1. Paracetamol:

Paracetamol is one of the preferred analgesics during pregnancy. It can effectively reduce the discomforts associated with throat pain without causing damage to the mother or the baby. However, it is important to follow the recommended dose and avoid exceeding the daily limit.

Note: It is essential to consult with a health professional before taking any medication during pregnancy.

2. Topical analgesics:

Topical analgesics, such as throat aerosols or pills containing benzocaine or lidocaine, can temporarily relieve throat pain. These medications numb the affected area and can be used safely during pregnancy. However, it is recommended to read the labels carefully and follow the instructions.

Caution: Excessive or prolonged use of topical analgesics can have adverse effects. Consult a health professional if the symptoms persist.

Safe throat pain medications in pregnancy Potential risks
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) None known if used according to indications
Topical analgesics (benzocaine, lidocaine) Prolonged or excessive use can have adverse effects

It is essential to give priority to the safety of both the mother and the fetus when looking forward to throat pain during pregnancy. Although the aforementioned medications are generally safe, it is always advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before taking any medication, especially during pregnancy.

Prevention Tips to Avoid Sore Throat during Pregnancy

1. Maintaining good hygiene practicing good hygiene is crucial to prevent the spread of infections that can cause throat pain. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, especially before eating or touching your face. Avoid close contact with people who have an active respiratory infection to minimize the risk of exposure.

  • 2. Keep hydrated: drinking abundant fluids, such as water and infusions, helps keep the wet throat and prevents dryness and irritation. Try to consume at least eight glasses of water a day to maintain optimal hydration.
  • 3. Avoid irritating: certain irritants, such as tobacco smoke, pollution and allergens, can trigger throat pain. Stay away from environments with smoke and try to minimize exposure to substances that can cause an allergic reaction.
  • 4. Maintain a healthy diet: a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals reinforces the immune system, making it more resistant to infections. Incorporate fruits, vegetables, lean proteins and whole grains to your meals to favor general health and reduce the risk of developing throat pain.

Note: It is essential that you consult your healthcare professional if you experience persistent or serious symptoms of throat pain during pregnancy. They can offer you adequate medical guidance and recommend safe treatments if necessary.

Symptoms of throat pain: When to seek medical help:
  • Itching or throat pain
  • Difficulty to swallow
  • Imflammed amygdals
  • Redness or inflammation
  • Rumor or voice changes
  • Fever greater than 38. 3 ° C (101 ° F)
  • Persistent symptoms for more than a week
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • Intense pain or swelling
  • Presence of pus in the tonsils

In summary, taking preventive measures is crucial to avoid throat pain during pregnancy. Maintaining good hygiene, hydrating, avoiding irritating and wearing a healthy diet can reduce the risk of sore throat and guarantee a quieter pregnancy.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

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