Swelling of the upper eyelid – Causes, treatment options and prevention strategies for this common medical condition.

Swelling of the upper eyelid: causes, treatment options and prevention strategies for this frequent medical condition.

The presence of swelling in the upper eyelid may be a matter of concern for many people, since it can indicate an underlying medical condition. Known medically as palpebral edema, this condition is characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the tissues surrounding the upper eyelid. There are several possible causes of swelling in the upper eyelid, ranging from minor irritations to more serious medical conditions.

  1. Allergic reactions: A possible cause of the swelling of the upper eyelid is an allergic reaction. Exposure to allergens such as pollen, domestic dandruff or certain cosmetics can trigger an immune response in some people and cause inflammation and swelling of the eyelid.
  2. Bacterial or viral infections: infections caused by bacteria or viruses can also cause swelling in the upper eyelid. Conditions such as orzuelos (eyelid gland infections) or conjunctivitis can cause redness, irritation and swelling of the eyelid.
  3. Obstruction of the Sebaceous glands: the Meibomio glands, responsible for producing the fat that lubricates the surface of the eye, can be blocked. This can cause a condition called Chalazion, which causes swelling and sensitivity in the upper eyelid.

It is important to consult a healthcare professional if you experience persistent or serious swelling in the upper eyelid. They can accurately diagnose the underlying cause and recommend adequate treatment options. Treatments may include medications with or without recipe, hot compresses, proper hygiene of the eyelids or, in some cases, surgical interventions.

Swelling on Upper Eyelid: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Causes: There are several factors that can contribute to the swelling of the upper eyelid. Among them are included:

  • Allergies: an allergic reaction to substances such as pollen, domestic animals dandruff or certain medications can cause swelling of the eyelids.
  • Infections: bacterial or viral infections, such as blepharitis or cellulite, can cause the swelling of the upper eyelid.
  • Injuries: a trauma in the eye or the eyelid, such as a blow or an injury, can cause immediate swelling.
  • ORZUELOS: A row is a red and painful lump that develops in the eyelid due to the obstruction of a gland. It can cause located swelling.

Symptoms: The presence of swelling in the upper eyelid can be accompanied by various symptoms, including:

  1. Pain or sensitivity in the affected area.
  2. Redness and inflammation of the eyelid.
  3. Itching or burning sensation.
  4. Increased light sensitivity.
  5. Blurred or double vision.

It is important to note that persistent or serious symptoms, such as breathing difficulty or vision changes, may indicate a more serious underlying condition and require immediate medical care.

Treatment: The treatment of the swelling of the upper eyelid depends on the underlying cause. Some common treatment approaches include:

  1. Apply a hot compress: this can help reduce swelling and relieve discomfort.
  2. Use antihistamine column of free sales or oral medications for allergic reactions.
  3. Take prescribed antibiotics for bacterial infections.
  4. Drain or remove the storage by means of a lower surgical procedure, if necessary.
When to look for medical attention: Prevention tips:
  • If inflammation does not improve in a few days or worsens.
  • If there is intense pain, secretion or changes in vision.
  • If inflammation is accompanied by other systemic symptoms.
  • Avoid rubbing or scratching your affected eye.
  • Practice good hygiene, especially as regards the cleaning of eyes and eyelids.
  • Take away the contact lenses before bedtime and limit them correctly.
  • Avoid allergens or irritants that can trigger swelling.

Common Causes of Swelling on Upper Eyelid

Allergic reactions

Allergic reactions are one of the main causes of the upper eyelid swelling. Exposure to allergens such as domestic animals dandruff, pollen or certain chemical substances can trigger an immune response in susceptible people. This can cause redness, itching and swelling of the upper eyelid. In some cases, swelling can be accompanied by other allergy symptoms, such as crying eyes or nasal congestion. Avoiding allergen and using antihistamines can help relieve swelling and control allergic reaction.


The Orzuelo, also known as Hordeolum, is a frequent eyelid infection that can cause localized swelling. It occurs when the sebaceous glands of the eyelid are obstructed and a red and sensitive lump is formed. Orzuelos are usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria and can be very painful. They usually disappear for themselves in a week, but hot compresses and sales analgesics without recipe can help relieve symptoms. It is important to avoid squeezing or bursting the storage, since this can cause more infections or complications.


Important information:

Chalazion is a no n-infectious inflammatory lesion that is formed when a sebaceous gland of the eyelid is blocked. It usually appears as a firm and painless bulge in the upper eyelid, which causes swelling and sometimes redness. Unlike Orzuelo, Chalazion is not usually painful and tends to develop more gradually. Hot compresses and soft massages on the eyelids can favor the drainage and resolution of Chalazion. In some cases, medical intervention may be necessary, such as steroid injections or surgical removal.


Possible causes of the upper eyelid swelling Symptoms Treatment
Allergic reactions Redness, itching, crying eyes Avoid allergens, antihistamine medications
Orzuelo (Hordeolum) Red and sensitive protuberance in the eyelid Hot compresses, analgesics
Chalazion Firm protuberance in the eyelid, gradual development Hot compresses, massages in the eyelids, medical intervention if necessary

Allergic Reactions and Swelling on Upper Eyelid

There are several factors that can contribute to the appearance of swelling in the upper eyelid due to allergic reactions. One of the main factors is an allergic condition called allergic conjunctivitis, which affects the conjunctiva, a fine membrane that covers the white part of the eye and covers the inside of the eyelids. This condition can be seasonal and produce mainly at certain times of the year, when the pollen count is high, or it can be perennial and persist throughout the year due to allergens such as the dandruff of pets, mold or dust. Together with the eyelid swelling, allergic conjunctivitis can also cause redness, itching, crying eyes and sandy sensation.

In cases of allergic edema of eyelids, it is important to identify the specific allergen that causes the reaction to prevent future appearances. This can be done carefully by symptoms and possible triggers. Taking a diary of symptoms and writing down any exposure to possible allergens can help in this process. In addition, it may be necessary for a medical professional to perform an allergy test to determine the exact cause of the allergic reaction.

Infections and Swelling on Upper Eyelid

A frequent cause of palpebral cellulite is staphylococcal infection, caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This bacterium is usually found in our skin and can penetrate the eyelid through breaks in the skin barrier. Once inside, it can cause an infection that causes redness, heat and swelling in the upper eyelid. In severe cases, infection can extend to surrounding tissues and even the eye itself, which can lead to more serious complications.

Important information:

  • Eyelid cellulitis is a common condition characterized by infections and swelling of the upper eyelid.
  • Bacteria, particularly Staphylococcus aureus, are often the cause of eyelid cellulitis.
  • Common symptoms are redness, warmth, and swelling of the upper eyelid.
  • If left untreated, eyelid cellulitis can lead to more serious complications, such as the spread of infection to surrounding tissues and the eye.

When faced with an infection and swelling in the upper eyelid, it is important to seek medical attention quickly. A healthcare professional will assess the severity of the condition and prescribe appropriate treatment options. In some cases, antibiotics may be necessary to help clear the infection. It is crucial to follow the prescribed treatment plan and finish all antibiotic treatment to prevent the infection from recurring or worsening.

Treatment options for eyelid cellulite:
1. Antibiotics: These medications are commonly prescribed to treat bacterial infections and help eliminate bacteria that cause eyelid cellulitis.
2. Hot compresses: Applying hot compresses to the affected area can help reduce swelling and relieve discomfort.
3. Analgesic medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers may be recommended to manage any pain or discomfort associated with the infection and inflammation.
4. Good hygiene practices: Maintaining proper hygiene, such as regularly washing the affected area with mild soap and water, can help prevent further infection and promote healing.

Eye Injuries and Swelling on Upper Eyelid

Eye injuries can occur for a variety of reasons, from accidents and trauma to infections and underlying medical conditions. The upper eyelid is especially vulnerable to injury and can swell easily. Swelling of the upper eyelid can cause discomfort and affect the normal functioning of the eye.

  • Causes of eye injuries: Eye injuries can be caused by mechanical factors such as blunt trauma, foreign objects entering the eye, or penetrating injuries. Chemical exposure, thermal burns, and radiation can also cause eye injuries.
  • Symptoms of eye injuries: Common symptoms of eye injuries include pain, redness, swelling, bruising, tearing, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, and difficulty moving the eye.

Note: Immediate medical attention should be sought if there is a foreign object visible in the eye, severe pain or bleeding, or if the injury occurred due to a high-velocity impact.

When it comes to treating eye injuries and reducing the swelling of the upper eyelid, a rapid and precise diagnosis is essential. Proper treatment may vary depending on the cause and seriousness of the lesion. Therefore, it is crucial to seek medical advice from a qualified healthcare professional to guarantee the best possible result.

Home remedies for the upper eyelid swelling

1. Hot compresses: The application of a hot compress in the affected eye can help reduce swelling and improve blood circulation. To make a hot compress, soak a clean cloth in hot water, drain excess water and glow it gently on the closed eyelid for 10-15 minutes. Repeat this operation several times a day to relieve swelling.

2. Tea bags: tannins present in tea bags can help reduce swelling and inflammation. After using tea bags to prepare a cup of tea, refrigerate them for a few minutes until they are cold to the touch. Place the cold tea sachets on the closed eyelid for 10-15 minutes. Cold temperature and tannins of tea sachets can relieve swelling. Be sure to use tea bags with caffeine, since they contain a greater amount of tannins.

Note: If the swelling of the upper eyelid persists or worsens, it is important to seek medical attention. These home remedies are intended to provide temporary relief and should not replace the professional advice of a health professional.

3. Pepine slices: cucumber has a refreshing effect and can help reduce inflammation and swelling. Cut a cold cucumber in fine slices and place them on the closed eyelid for 10-15 minutes. Cucumber refreshing properties can help relieve swelling and provide a soothing sensation.

Home remedies for the upper eyelid swelling
Remedies Description
Hot compresses Apply a hot compress to improve blood circulation and reduce swelling.
Tea bags Use cold tea bags to take advantage of tannins that reduce inflammation.
Cucumber slices Place cold cucumber slices on the eyelid to benefit from its refreshing and soothing properties.

Although these home remedies can provide relief, it is crucial to identify the underlying cause of swelling to avoid subsequent complications. If the swelling persists, it becomes painful or affects the vision, it is recommended to consult an ophthalmologist or a healthcare professional to perform an exhaustive evaluation and apply the proper treatment.

When to look for medical attention for the upper eyelid swelling

1. Severe or worsen swelling: if the swelling of the upper eyelid is serious or worsens despite home remedies or treatments without recipe, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional. A severe swelling may be an indication of an infection, injury or even a systemic condition that requires immediate medical attention.


If the swelling is accompanied by intense pain, redness or heat, it can be the indication of an infection. Ocular infections should not be taken light and require an immediate medical evaluation. Delaying the treatment of a eyelid infection can lead to complications and a possible loss of vision.

2. 2. Persistent swelling for more than a few days: if the swelling of the upper eyelid does not improve or persists for more than a few days, it is recommended to seek medical attention. Prolonged swelling can be a sign of an underlying problem, such as a cyst, a chazion or even a tumor. Only a medical professional can accurately diagnose the cause of persistent swelling and provide adequate treatment.

3. Changes in vision or eye discomfort: if you experience any change in vision, such as blurred or double vision, or if inflammation causes important discomfort or interferes with your daily activities, it is essential that you go to the doctor. These symptoms can be indicative of a more serious problem that affects the eyelid or the eye itself, and an immediate medical evaluation is necessary to avoid major complications.

When to look for medical attention for the upper eyelid swelling
Serious or worsening swelling
Persistent swelling for more than a few days
Changes in vision or eye discomfort

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

Cannabis and Hemp Testing Laboratory
Add a comment