Sternum fracture: causes, symptoms and treatment options.

Breast bone fracture: causes, symptoms and treatment options.

A sternum fracture is a break in the flat bone located in the center of the chest that joins the ribs. This is a relatively rare injury, often associated with blunt force trauma to the chest. The sternum plays a crucial role in protecting the heart, lungs and other vital organs, so fractures in this area can be serious.


  1. Car accidents, especially those involving high-speed impacts
  2. Falls from heights
  3. Direct blows to the chest during sports activities, such as football or boxing
  4. Chest Compressions During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
  5. Violent physical attacks or traumatic accidents

Although a sternum fracture can cause significant discomfort and pain, it can also lead to various complications if not diagnosed and treated promptly. Symptoms of a sternum fracture can range from mild to severe, depending on the extent of the injury. Some common signs and symptoms are:


  • Localized chest pain
  • Tenderness and swelling at the fracture site
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Visible bruising or deformity
  • Pain that is worse when breathing deeply, coughing, or moving your upper body.
  • Cracking or grinding sensation when touching the fracture site

If you suspect you have a sternum fracture, it is essential that you see a doctor immediately. To confirm the diagnosis and evaluate the severity of the fracture, a complete physical examination and imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs may be necessary.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

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