Learn effective heartburn treatments and discover lifestyle changes, medications, and natural remedies to relieve symptoms and prevent recurrence.

Learn effective heartburn treatments and discover lifestyle changes, medications, and natural remedies to relieve symptoms and prevent recurrence.

Heartburn, also known as acid reflux, is a common medical condition that affects millions of people around the world. It occurs when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the chest. Fortunately, there are several effective treatment methods to relieve the symptoms of heartburn and prevent its recurrence.

One of the main methods of treating heartburn is to modify your lifestyle. This includes avoiding trigger foods and drinks, such as spicy or fatty foods, alcohol, caffeine, and citrus fruits. Additionally, maintaining a healthy weight and not lying down immediately after meals can help prevent heartburn symptoms. Elevating the head of the bed while sleeping and wearing loose clothing may also provide relief.

The most important:

  • Avoid trigger foods and drinks
  • keep a healthy weight
  • Avoid lying down immediately after meals
  • Elevate the head of the bed when sleeping
  • Wear loose clothing

Lifestyle Changes and Home Remedies

When it comes to managing heartburn, some lifestyle changes and home remedies can provide relief. These approaches aim to reduce the frequency and severity of heartburn episodes and improve overall digestive health.

Dietary changes: A key aspect of controlling heartburn is adopting a healthy eating plan. Avoiding trigger foods and incorporating those that can help calm the digestive system can make a significant difference. Instead of eating large meals, opt for smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day. In addition, it is advisable to avoid fatty and fried foods, citrus fruits, tomatoes, spicy foods and carbonated drinks. These changes can help decrease the likelihood of heartburn episodes and relieve discomfort.

Tip: Instead of consuming acidic citrus fruits, opt for low-acid alternatives such as bananas, apples and melons.

Weight control: Maintaining a healthy weight is beneficial for both general health and heartburn control. Excess weight, especially around the abdomen, can put pressure on the stomach and increase the likelihood of acid reflux. Practicing regular physical activity and following a balanced diet can help control weight and reduce the frequency of heartburn episodes.

  • Exercise regularly by doing activities such as walking, running, or yoga to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Avoid tight clothing, especially around the waist, as it can put pressure on the stomach and trigger heartburn.
  • Elevate the head of the bed by using a wedge pillow or placing blocks under the box spring to reduce nighttime heartburn.

Stress management: Stress can contribute to heartburn by affecting the normal functioning of the digestive system. Practicing stress management techniques, such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or hobbies and activities that encourage relaxation, can help relieve heartburn symptoms.

Home remedies Instructions
Chew gum Chew sugarless gum for 30 minutes after a meal to stimulate saliva production and neutralize acid.
slippery elm Take slippery elm supplements or consume it in the form of tea or pills to reduce inflammation and soothe the esophagus.
Ginger Drink ginger tea or consume ginger capsules to relieve nausea and improve digestion.

By adopting these lifestyle changes and exploring home remedies, people can effectively manage and relieve heartburn symptoms. It is important to consult a healthcare professional before making significant changes or starting a new treatment plan.

Over-the-Counter Medications for Treating Heartburn: A Comprehensive Guide

1. Antacids

Antacids are one of the most commonly used over-the-counter medications to treat heartburn. These medications work by neutralizing stomach acid, providing quick relief from symptoms. They usually contain ingredients such as calcium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide or aluminum hydroxide. It is important to note that antacids only provide temporary relief and do not address the underlying cause of heartburn. Therefore, they are best used for short-term relief from occasional episodes of heartburn.

  • Examples of antacids:
    1. Tums – Contains calcium carbonate and provides fast-acting relief.
    2. Maalox – Combination of aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide for long-lasting relief.
    3. Rolaids – Contains calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide, providing quick relief

2. Histamine H2 Receptor Antagonists

Histamine H2 receptor antagonists, also known as H2 blockers, are another class of over-the-counter medications commonly used to treat heartburn. These medications work by reducing stomach acid production. They provide longer-lasting relief than antacids and are usually taken about 30 minutes before a meal to prevent heartburn symptoms.

H2 blockers can take up to an hour to start working, so it is recommended to take them before meals to maximize their effectiveness.

  • Examples of H2 blockers:
    1. Pepcid AC – The active ingredient famotidine helps reduce stomach acid production
    2. Zantac 75 – Contains ranitidine and provides relief for up to 12 hours
    3. Tagamet HB – The active substance cimetidine reduces acid production and relieves heartburn.

It is important to read and follow the instructions on medication labels carefully. If heartburn symptoms persist or worsen despite the use of over-the-counter medications, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation and guidance.

Prescription Medications for Heartburn Treatment

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are a class of medications commonly prescribed to treat heartburn. These drugs, such as omeprazole and esomeprazole, work by blocking the action of the gastric proton pump, responsible for the production of acid in the stomach. PPIs are very effective at reducing acid secretion and provide long-lasting relief to many people with heartburn.


PPIs are usually taken once a day, 30 minutes before a meal. They should not be crushed or chewed. Long-term use of high doses of PPIs may be associated with certain risks, such as an increased risk of fractures or infections. It is important to consult a healthcare professional before starting or stopping any medication.

Another type of prescription medication commonly used to treat heartburn is H2 receptor antagonists. These drugs, such as ranitidine and famotidine, block the action of histamine in the parietal cells of the stomach, reducing acid production. They are often used as a second-line or alternative treatment for people who cannot tolerate PPIs or have milder symptoms of heartburn.

Comparison between PPIs and H2 receptor antagonists
PPI H2 receptor antagonists
Frequently prescribed Alternative treatment
They reduce acid secretion They block the action of histamine
Lasting relief Shorter duration of action

It is important to note that prescribed medications should always be taken under the supervision of a healthcare professional. The choice of medication and dosage may vary depending on individual factors such as the severity of symptoms and any underlying illness. Regular follow-up appointments and conversations with a healthcare professional can help ensure optimal heartburn treatment and minimize potential side effects.

Surgical Interventions for Treating Heartburn

Although there are several non-invasive methods to relieve heartburn symptoms, such as lifestyle modifications and medication, surgical interventions may be recommended for people with severe or chronic cases of heartburn who do not respond well to conservative treatments. Surgical interventions aim to address the underlying causes of heartburn and provide long-term relief by correcting anatomical abnormalities or strengthening the barrier between the stomach and esophagus. Let’s look at some common surgical interventions in the treatment of heartburn.

Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication: A widely used surgical technique is laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication, which involves wrapping the upper part of the stomach around the lower part of the esophagus to create a new valve mechanism. This procedure strengthens the sphincter muscle, preventing stomach acid and other digestive juices from returning to the esophagus. Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication, usually performed with minimally invasive techniques, offers less postoperative pain and a faster recovery than traditional open surgery.

Alternative Therapies for Treating Heartburn

Ginger: Known for its anti-inflammatory properties, ginger has been used for centuries to relieve digestive problems, including heartburn. It can be consumed in various forms, such as ginger tea or fresh ginger added to meals. Some studies suggest that ginger may help reduce the frequency and severity of heartburn episodes.

  1. Acupuncture: This ancient Chinese practice involves inserting fine needles into specific points on the body to stimulate the flow of energy. Although the exact mechanisms are not fully understood, acupuncture is believed to regulate the digestive system and reduce inflammation. Some people claim that heartburn symptoms are reduced after acupuncture sessions.
  2. Herbal remedies: certain herbs, such as chamomile, licorice root and slippery elm, have traditionally been used to relieve digestive discomfort. These herbs can be consumed in the form of infusions, supplements or tinctures. However, it is important to consult with a health professional before using herbal remedies, since they can interact with medications or have their own side effects.
  3. Lifestyle modifications: making certain changes in lifestyle can also help control the heartburn. This includes maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding food and triggers (such as spicy and alcohol), make smaller meals and not go to bed immediately after eating. These lifestyle modifications can help reduce the frequency and severity of acidity episodes.

It is essential to remember that alternative therapies should not replace conventional medical treatments of stomach acidity. On the contrary, they can be used together with prescribed medications and lifestyle changes to provide additional relief. As with any other medical condition, it is always recommended to consult a healthcare professional before starting any alternative therapy for stomach acidity.

Prevention and Management Strategies for Heartburn

Lifestyle modifications:

  • Diet changes: certain foods and drinks can trigger symptoms of heartburn. It is advisable to avoid or limit the intake of spicy food, fatty and acids, as well as carbonated drinks and caffeine. Instead, opt for a balanced diet composed of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins.
  • PORTIONS CONTROL: Eating in excess can press your stomach and contribute to acidity. Eating smaller portions can help prevent excessive production of stomach acid and reduce the probability of acidity.
  • Weight control: maintaining a healthy weight is essential, since the kilos of more can exert pressure on the abdomen and make the stomach acid return to the esophagus. Regular exercise and a balanced diet can help control weight and prevent stomach acidity.

“Making certain changes in lifestyle and adopting healthy habits, people can effectively control and even reduce stomach acidity cases.”

Habits to control stomach acidity:

  1. Posture: avoid lying or bent immediately after eating, as this can make stomach acid return to the esophagus. Maintaining an upright posture for at least three hours after eating can help prevent acidity.
  2. Quit smoking: Smoking not only weakens the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which acts as a barrier between the stomach and esophagus, but also increases the production of stomach acid. Quitting smoking can significantly reduce heartburn symptoms.
  3. Stress management: Stress and anxiety can trigger heartburn symptoms. Doing stress-reducing activities, such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, or yoga, can help control heartburn.
Main point Prevention and treatment advice
1. Eat smaller, more frequent meals to avoid excessive stomach acid production.
2. Avoid lying down or bending over immediately after eating.
3. Quit smoking to strengthen the lower esophageal sphincter and reduce stomach acid production.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

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