Learn about toothache: causes, symptoms and treatment options. Find relief and regain your comfort and oral health.

Learn about toothache: causes, symptoms and treatment options. Find relief and regain your comfort and oral health.

Experiencing a toothache can be an incredibly uncomfortable and distressing experience. Toothache often indicates an underlying dental problem that requires immediate attention. It is important to know the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for toothache to relieve discomfort and avoid further complications.


  1. Tooth decay: Tooth decay on the surface of the tooth can expose the sensitive inner layers of the tooth, leading to sore pain.
  2. Gum disease: Inflammation of the gums can cause dental pain as the supporting structures of the teeth are compromised.
  3. Cracked or fractured tooth: A tooth with a crack or fracture can cause intermittent or constant pain, depending on the severity.
  4. Teeth Grinding: Habitual teeth grinding, known as bruxism, can cause dental pain due to excessive pressure on the teeth.

Note: Regular dental check-ups are essential to identify and treat dental problems in time, avoiding toothache and other complications.


  • Persistent or throbbing toothache
  • Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures
  • Swelling and tenderness in the surrounding gums
  • Pain when chewing or biting
Treatment options Description
dental filling If the cause is tooth decay, the dentist will remove the decayed part and fill the tooth with a suitable material.
Endodontics If the pulp of the tooth is infected or damaged, a root canal may be necessary to remove the infected tissue and save the tooth.
Tooth extraction In severe cases where the tooth cannot be saved, extraction may be necessary to relieve pain and prevent further complications.

Important: It is essential to seek professional dental care if you experience toothache. Self-diagnosis and home remedies can provide temporary relief, but should not replace immediate dental care.

Aching Tooth Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Causes: Toothache can be caused by several factors, including:

  1. Dental cavities: Poor oral hygiene and excessive consumption of sugary foods and drinks can cause cavities and, as a consequence, toothache.
  2. Gum disease: Gingivitis or periodontitis can cause inflammation and infection of the gums and lead to dental pain.
  3. Tooth abscess: A bacterial infection can cause a pus-filled pocket to form at the root of the tooth, causing severe pain and inflammation.

Symptoms: Toothache symptoms can vary depending on the underlying cause, but typically include:

  • Localized pain or throbbing sensation in the affected tooth or in the surrounding area.
  • Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures.
  • Swelling of the gums or face.
  • Bleeding gums.
  • Difficulty biting or chewing.

It is important to note that toothache should never be ignored as it may indicate a serious dental problem that requires professional treatment.

Treatment options: Toothache treatment depends on the underlying cause. It is essential to see a qualified dentist for an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. Common treatment options may include:

  1. Dental filling or restoration to treat cavities.
  2. Scaling and root planing to remove plaque and tartar buildup in cases of gum disease.
  3. Endodontics to eliminate infection and save a severely damaged tooth.
  4. Tooth extraction in cases where the tooth is severely damaged or cannot be saved.
Prevention Tips: Risk factor’s:
  • Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque between teeth.
  • Periodic dental check-ups and cleanings.
  • Limit consumption of sugary foods and drinks.
  1. Poor oral hygiene.
  2. Diet rich in sugar.
  3. Smoking or using tobacco.
  4. Untreated dental problems.

Understanding the Basics of Aching Tooth Pain


  • Tooth decay: Also known as tooth decay or cavities, tooth decay is one of the main causes of toothache. When bacteria in the mouth produce acids that erode tooth enamel, cavities form, causing sensitivity and pain.
  • Gum disease: Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, can also cause dental pain. As the gums become inflamed and infected due to bacteria buildup, the surrounding teeth can become sensitive and painful.
  • Dental infection: When the dental pulp, which contains nerves and blood vessels, becomes infected, it can cause severe dental pain. A dental infection can occur due to deep tooth decay, a cracked tooth, or trauma that exposes the pulp to bacteria.

It is essential to treat toothache promptly, as delaying treatment can lead to further complications. It is recommended to see a professional dentist to determine the cause of the pain and receive the appropriate treatment.


  1. Persistent or intermittent pain in the affected tooth or in the nearby area.
  2. Greater sensitivity to temperature changes, especially to cold or hot drinks and foods.
  3. Sensitivity and discomfort when chewing or biting.
  4. Swelling or redness of gums around the affected tooth.
  5. Pus or secretion around the tooth that indicates an infection.

To accurately diagnose the cause of the teeth pain, the dentist can perform an exhaustive exam, which may include radiographs or other diagnostic tests. Treatment pain treatment options vary depending on the underlying cause and may include dental prints, root duct treatment, gum treatment or dental extraction. It is essential to adopt good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing your teeth regularly, using dental thread and submitting to dental reviews, to prevent teasing pain and maintain good dental health.

Common Causes of Aching Tooth Pain

Dental caries: One of the main causes of teeth pain are tooth decay. These are small holes that are formed in the tooth enamel due to bacterial caries. Caries can expose the sensitive internal layers of the tooth, causing pain, sensitivity and discomfort. A poor oral hygiene, excessive consumption of sugary and acidic food and the lack of periodic dental reviews can contribute to caries formation. The treatment of tooth decay usually consists of extracting the caried part of the tooth and filling the cavity with a dental material.

Periodontal disease: Another frequent cause of dental pain is periodontal disease, which affects gums and teeth support structures. This disease occurs when bacteria accumulate in the mouth and cause inflammation and infection. As the disease progresses, it can cause the retraction of the gums, the mobility of the teeth and, finally, their loss. In addition to dental pain, other symptoms of periodontal disease are inflamed and bleeding gums, bad breath and a persistent metallic flavor in the mouth. A time treatment, which includes professional cleaning, scraping and root smoothing, is crucial to avoid greater damage to teeth and gums.

Signs of Dental Cavities:

  • Dental sensitivity, especially at cold or hot temperatures.
  • Pain or discomfort when chewing.
  • Visible holes or pits on the surface of the affected tooth.
  • Dark spots or spots.

Signs of Periodontal Disease:

  1. Bleeding of gums, especially during brushing or the use of dental thread.
  2. Retacted gums, which makes the teeth seem longer.
  3. Inflamed and sensitive gums.
  4. Persistent bad breath or bad taste.
Causes of team pain Key symptoms
Dental cavities Tooth sensitivity, pain when chewing, visible holes on the tooth surface
Periodontal disease Bleeding gums, gum recession, tooth mobility

Signs and Symptoms of Aching Tooth Pain

1. Sensitivity to Temperature:

If you experience sharp or throbbing pain in your tooth when consuming hot or cold foods and drinks, it could be a sign of tooth sensitivity. This sensitivity occurs when the tooth’s protective layer of enamel erodes, exposing the more sensitive dentin beneath. Your tooth may feel sore or throb in response to changes in temperature.

2. Persistent Throbbing or Aching Pain:

A continued sensation of pain or throbbing in a particular tooth is a telltale sign of a more significant dental problem. This type of pain can be dull or intense and can be made worse by biting or applying pressure to the affected tooth. Chronic dental pain usually indicates an infection or inflammation in the tooth or surrounding tissues.

3. Gum Swelling and Redness:

Gum inflammation around a particular tooth is a visible sign of dental problems. If you notice swelling, redness, or tenderness in the gingival tissue adjacent to a sore tooth, it may indicate an infection or periodontal disease. Poor oral hygiene, cavities or trauma can cause gum inflammation and contribute to toothache.

Note: It is essential to consult a dental professional if you experience any of these signs and symptoms or if the toothache persists. Early intervention can prevent major complications and alleviate discomfort.

When to Seek Professional Help for Aching Tooth Pain

  1. Severe and persistent pain: If toothache persists for more than one or two days and becomes increasingly intense, it is essential to consult a dentist. This could be indicative of a more serious condition, such as a tooth abscess, tooth decay, or infection. A professional evaluation is necessary to determine appropriate treatment.
  2. Swelling or discharge: The presence of swelling in the affected area of the mouth or the presence of discharge may mean an infection. This is a clear indication of the need for immediate dental care, as infections can spread and cause further complications if left untreated.

Note: Severe, persistent pain, as well as swelling or discharge around the affected tooth, are signs of a potentially serious dental problem. Seek professional help without delay to avoid further complications.

It is essential to remember that tooth pain is often a sign of an underlying dental problem that requires professional intervention. Ignoring or delaying treatment can aggravate the condition and lead to more extensive and expensive dental procedures in the future. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a dentist as soon as possible when experiencing toothache to ensure prompt and proper care.

Home Remedies to Relieve Aching Tooth Pain

1. Salt water rinse: A salt water rinse is a simple and effective remedy to relieve toothache. Mix half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water and use the solution to rinse your mouth thoroughly for about 30 seconds. Hot salt water helps reduce inflammation and soothes the affected area.

  1. Clove: Clove has natural analgesic and antibacterial properties, making it a very popular home remedy for toothache. You can apply clove oil directly to the sore tooth or chew a whole clove to release its numbing oil. However, it is important to note that prolonged use of clove can cause irritation, so it is best to use it sparingly.
  2. Garlic: Garlic is known for its antimicrobial properties and can help relieve toothache. Crush a clove of garlic and mix it with a pinch of salt to form a paste. Apply the paste directly to the affected tooth or gum for temporary relief. However, the strong taste and smell of garlic may not be tolerable for some people.

Note: Although these home remedies may provide temporary relief, it is essential to visit a dentist to identify and treat the underlying cause of your toothache. Ignoring dental problems can lead to more complications and worsen pain.

Professional Treatment Options for Aching Tooth Pain

Mixture of treatments: Dentists use a combination of treatments to effectively treat toothache, depending on the underlying cause. A thorough examination is usually performed to diagnose the source of the pain before determining the best course of action. Common treatment options include:

  • Medications: Dentists may prescribe pain relievers to temporarily relieve toothache. These medications may include over-the-counter pain relievers or stronger prescription drugs, depending on the severity of the pain.

  • Dental fillings and crowns: Cavities or damage to the teeth can cause dental pain. In these cases, dentists may recommend dental fillings or crowns to restore tooth structure and relieve discomfort. The choice between fillings and crowns depends on the severity of the damage.

  • Root canal treatment: When the dental pulp becomes infected or inflamed due to deep decay or trauma, root canal treatment may be necessary. This procedure consists of removing the infected pulp, cleaning the area and sealing it to prevent new infections. Root canal treatment is usually performed under local anesthesia to ensure patient comfort.

Important: In case of toothache, it is essential to seek professional dental care as soon as possible. Delaying treatment can worsen the condition and lead to more severe pain and possible complications. It is recommended to consult a dentist as soon as possible to determine the appropriate treatment option based on each person’s specific needs.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

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