Know the effective ways of treating vesical spasms and finds this uncomfortable medical condition relief.

Find out about the effective ways of treating vesical spasms and finds relief to this uncomfortable medical condition.

The vesical spasms, also known as muscle contractions of the bladder, are involuntary and painful contractions of the bladder muscles. They usually cause a sudden and intense need to urinate, along with frequent and uncontrollable urination. Vesical spasms may be due to various factors, such as urinary tract infections, bladder irritation or nerve injuries.

With regard to the treatment of vesical spasms, there are several approaches that can relieve and help control the condition. One of the most used methods is the prescription of anticholinergic medications, which block the acetylcholine chemical messenger and, therefore, decrease the contractions of the bladder muscle. These medications can be taken orally in the form of tablets or capsules, or sometimes administered by transdermal patches. Another option is the use of tricyclic antidepressants, which effectively relieve vesical spasms by relaxing the bladder muscles.

Important information:

  • Vesical spasms can cause important discomfort and affect the quality of life.
  • Anticholinergics are usually prescribed to treat vesical spasms reducing muscle contractions.
  • Tricyclic antidepressants can also be effective in relieving the symptoms of vesical spasms by relaxing the bladder muscles.

Understanding Bladder Spasms


  • Infection or inflammation: vesical spasms can be triggered by urinary tract infections or bladder inflammation, such as cystitis.
  • Nervous damage: nerve lesions of the bladder can alter the normal brain signals and cause spasms.
  • Bladder obstruction: conditions such as calculations or bladder tumors can cause obstruction and cause spasms.
  • Medications: certain medications, such as diuretics or those used to relax the bladder muscles, can contribute to vesical spasms.
  • Medical procedures: invasive procedures that affect the bladder, such as surgery or surgery, can irritate the bladder and cause spasms.

Vesical spasms can significantly affect the quality of life, interrupting everyday activities and altering sleep patterns. Going to the doctor is crucial for adequate diagnosis and treatment.

Common Symptoms

  1. Strong and sudden desire to urinate
  2. Frequent urination, often in small quantities
  3. Difficulty controlling the bladder
  4. Sensation of pressure or pain in low belly
  5. Urinary incontinence
  6. Blood in urine (in severe cases)

It is important to keep in mind that people suffering from vesical spasms should consult a healthcare professional for an exhaustive evaluation and appropriate treatment options. Detection and precocious treatment can improve the results and quality of life.

Common Causes of Bladder Spasms

1. Urinary tract infections (ITU): One of the most common causes of vesical spasms is a urinary tract infection. When bacteria penetrate the urinary tract, they can irritate the bladder lining and cause spasms. Urinary infections can cause symptoms such as frequent urination, source of burning when urinating and murky or blood urine. It is important to seek medical attention and receive the appropriate treatment for ITU in order to avoid subsequent complications.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Uncreated ITU can extend to the kidneys and cause more serious vesical spasms, kidney infections and other complications. It is crucial to seek immediate medical attention if you suspect that you suffer from a urinary infection.

2. Bladder conditions: certain medical conditions that affect the bladder can cause spasms. Interstitial cystitis, also known as painful bladder syndrome, is a chronic condition characterized by frequent bladder pain and urination. Bladder calculations or the abnormal growth of the bladder, such as tumors, can also cause vesical spasms. It is important to consult a healthcare professional so that these bladder conditions properly diagnose and treat.

  1. Pelvic soil dysfunction: pelvic soil dysfunction refers to the inability to correctly relax or contract pelvic soil muscles. This can contribute to bladder spasms and other urinary symptoms. Physiotherapy and exercises aimed at pelvic soil muscles can be effective in treating this condition.
  2. Neurological diseases: Disorders such as multiple sclerosis or spinal cord lesions can alter signals between brain and bladder, causing vesical spasms. It is essential to collaborate closely with a healthcare professional to treat these neurological conditions and relieve bladder symptoms.
Common causes of vesical spasms:
Urinary tract infections
Bladder conditions
Pelvic soil dysfunction
Neurological conditions

Diagnosing Bladder Spasms

There are several methods and diagnostic tests that healthcare professionals can use to diagnose bladder spasms. The first step is usually a thorough physical examination and review of the patient’s medical history, including previous bladder or urinary tract problems. The healthcare professional may ask about the frequency and severity of spasms, associated symptoms, and any triggering factors.

Important information:

  • Bladder spasms can be caused by a variety of factors, such as urinary tract infections, bladder infections, nerve injuries, or bladder irritants such as caffeine or alcohol.
  • Patients may experience a characteristic feeling of sudden urgency, as well as discomfort or pain in the lower abdomen during bladder spasms.
  • In some cases, diagnostic tests, such as urinalysis, bladder diary, cystoscopy, or urodynamics, may be necessary to obtain a more accurate diagnosis.

During the physical examination, the healthcare provider may gently press on the abdomen to check for tenderness or swelling. You may also perform a pelvic exam to evaluate the pelvic floor muscles and rule out other possible causes of your symptoms. In some cases, additional imaging tests, such as an ultrasound or MRI, may be ordered to evaluate the structure and function of the urinary system.

To further aid in the diagnosis, various diagnostic tests can be performed:

  1. Urinalysis: A urine sample may be collected to look for signs of infection or other abnormalities.
  2. Bladder diary: Keeping track of the frequency, volume, and urgency of urination can help identify patterns and assess the severity of bladder spasms.
  3. Cystoscopy: This procedure involves introducing a thin tube with a camera into the bladder to visualize its lining and detect possible abnormalities or signs of inflammation.
  4. Urodynamic studies: These tests evaluate the storage and emptying capacity of the bladder, providing valuable information about its function and the possible causes of bladder spasms.

Accurate diagnosis of bladder spasms is essential to developing an individualized treatment plan that addresses the underlying cause. A thorough evaluation, including a physical examination and diagnostic testing, allows healthcare professionals to determine the most appropriate measures to treat these bothersome and often disturbing symptoms.

Treatment options for managing bladder spasms

1. Medications: One of the most common therapeutic approaches for vesical spasms consists of the use of medicines. These medications act relaxing the bladder muscles, reducing the frequency and intensity of spasms. Anticholinergic medications, such as oxybutinine, tolterodine and solyphenacin, are usually prescribed to relieve vesical spasms. These medications can be taken orally or applied in the form of patches, gels or creams.

It is essential to consult a health professional before starting any medication regime for vesical spasms. They will evaluate your specific status and your medical history to determine the most appropriate medication and dose for you.

2. Modifications of lifestyle: Making certain adjustments in the lifestyle can also help control vesical spasms. Avoiding known triggers, such as caffeine, alcohol and spicy foods, can minimize the appearance of spasms. Practicing bladder training techniques, such as programmed urination and pelvic soil exercises, can help strengthen muscles and improve bladder control.

3. Interstim therapy: For people who do not respond to medication or changes in lifestyle, interstim therapy can be considered. This treatment consists in the implementation of a small device that sends minor electrical impulses to the nerves that control the bladder. These impulses help regulate the signals between the brain and the bladder, reducing spasms and improving the bladder function.

Comparison of vesical spasm treatment options
Treatment option Advantages Disadvantages
  • No n-invasive
  • Widely available
  • They can provide immediate relief
  • Possible side effects
  • May require prolonged use
Modification of lifestyle
  • They can be incorporated into the daily routine
  • No side effects
  • Favors the general health of the bladder
  • It may take time to notice the improvement
  • Requires commitment and perseverance
Interstim therapy
  • Effective in patients who do not respond to other treatments
  • You can improve bladder function
  • Lon g-term solution
  • It requires surgical intervention
  • Possible risks and complications
  • More expensive than other options

Lifestyle Changes to Manage Bladder Spasms

1. Pelvic floor exercises: An effective way to control bladder spasms is to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. These muscles help support the bladder and control urinary function. A study published in the Journal of Urology found that regular pelvic floor exercises, also known as Kegel exercises, can significantly reduce symptoms of bladder spasms and urinary incontinence. These exercises involve contracting and relaxing the muscles that control urine flow, which helps improve bladder control and reduce the frequency and severity of spasms.

Did you know that…?

The National Continence Association recommends performing Kegel exercises three times a day, with each session consisting of 10 repetitions of contraction and hold, followed by 10 repetitions of rapid contractions.

2. Fluid Management: Another key lifestyle change to consider when managing bladder spasms is fluid management. Keeping a bladder diary can help identify patterns and triggers that may exacerbate spasms. Recording the amount and timing of fluid intake, as well as episodes of urgency and leakage, can help people better understand their specific bladder needs. It can also help determine if certain drinks, such as those containing caffeine or alcohol, contribute to more frequent spasms.

  1. Limiting fluid intake before bed can help minimize nocturnal bladder spasms and improve sleep quality.
  2. Drinking water regularly throughout the day, in moderate amounts, can help maintain hydration without overloading the bladder.
  3. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine appropriate fluid intake recommendations based on individual needs and any underlying conditions.

3. Healthy diet: Maintaining a healthy diet can positively influence the control of bladder spasms. Certain foods and drinks can irritate the bladder and contribute to increased urinary spasms and urgency. Incorporating these dietary changes can help reduce symptoms:

Foods and drinks that should be limited Bladder-friendly alternatives
spicy foods Milder seasonings or herbs
Fruits and citrus juices Non-citrus fruits, such as bananas or apples
Caffeinated beverages (coffee, tea, soft drinks) Decaffeinated options or herbal infusions

By incorporating these changes in lifestyle, people can play an active role in controlling vesical spasms and reducing the impact of this condition on their daily lives. It is important to consult a healthcare professional to obtain personalized recommendations and guidance on the control of vesical spasms.

When to seek medical help for bladder spasms

  1. Frequency and urgency: If you experience frequent and sudden desire to urinate, with or without vesical spasms, it can be a sign of an underlying problem. While this can be normal in certain situations, such as consuming diuretic substances such as coffee or alcohol, persistent and annoying symptoms must motivate a medical evaluation.
  2. Pain or discomfort: If vesical spasms are accompanied by important pain or discomfort, it is advisable to seek medical help. Bladder pain can be the indication of various conditions, such as urinary tract infections or bladder calculations, which require proper treatment.
  3. Changes in urine: no remarkable change in the color, smell or consistency of urine should be ignored. It could be a sign of infection or other anomalies of the urinary tract that can cause vesical spasms. Going to the doctor is crucial for adequate evaluation and treatment.

It is important to remember that each person’s experience with vesical spasms can vary, and seeking medical help is ultimately a personal decision. However, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional if you suffer from persistent vesical spasms or if these symptoms interfere with their daily activities and their quality of life. An early intervention and proper treatment can help relieve symptoms and improve their general wel l-being.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

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