Insects that are introduced into the skin – Know the bugs that infest our body and how to prevent and treat infestations.

Bugs that excavate in the skin - Know the bugs that infest our body and how to prevent and treat infestations.

Bugs that are introduced into the skin can cause discomfort, irritation and, sometimes, serious health problems. These tiny creatures are able to dig tunnels under the surface of our skin, which causes various symptoms and complications. Knowing the different types of excavating insects and their effects on human skin is crucial for adequate diagnosis and treatment.

Save mites: A common example of excavator insect is the miter of scabies. These microscopic insects are barely visible to the naked eye and it is known that they infest human beings. They make skin tunnels to deposit their eggs, causing intense itching, especially at night. Scratching affected areas can cause secondary infections.

Did you know? Sarna infestation is a contagious disease, which is usually transmitted through narrow personal contact, such as prolonged skin with skin or shared use of bedding or clothing with an infected person.

  1. Niguas: Another excavator insect is the nigua. These tiny larvae usually live in areas of grass and adhere to the skin of people or animals. Nigua bites are usually produced in areas where clothing is adjusted to the skin, such as socks or belt. Once adhered, they inject digestive enzymes into the skin and feed on the resulting decomposed tissues.
  2. Moscardón larvae: Moscardón is an insect that puts its eggs in mosquitoes or other picing insects. When these mosquitoes bite a human being, body heat triggers the hatching of the moscardón larvae, which are introduced into the skin. These larvae can cause painful, swollen and itching skin lesions that contain a respiratory pore through which the larvae obtain oxygen.

What are skin-burrowing bugs?

Infestation by skin excavators:

The infestation or penetration by skin excavating beds occurs when these tiny arthropods dig in the skin and create tunnels or burrows to deposit their eggs or feed on the guest’s tissue. Excavating bedbugs penetrate the skin by various means, such as direct contact, excavation in land or contaminated water, or contact with infested objects or animals.

Once the bedbugs have managed to infest the skin, they can cause localized itching, irritation and, in some cases, traces or burrows visible on the surface of the skin. The exact symptoms and the severity of the infestation can vary depending on the concrete species of bug and the individual’s immune response. The most common types of bed bugs that excavate in the skin are the mites of the scabies, the niguas and the moscards.

Identification and diagnosis:

The identification and diagnosis of skin beds usually require an exhaustive examination and medical evaluation. Health professionals usually evaluate visible symptoms, perform a detailed medical history and can carry out additional tests, such as skin scrapes or microscopic exams, to determine the exact parasite caused by infestation.

It is important to quickly go to the doctor if an infestation is suspected due to skin bedbugs, since a early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent possible complications and minimize discomfort. Treatment options may include topical medications, oral medications or, in some cases, a small surgical intervention to eliminate the bugs or their larvae from the affected areas.

Types of Bugs that Burrow into the Skin

1. Mites (carei): mites are microscopic arthropods that belong to the Arachnida class. They are one of the most common bugs that excavate in the skin. Within this category, there are several species such as scabies, niguas and bird mites, each with their own characteristics and effects on the human body. These tiny parasites can cause intense itching, redness and skin lesions.

Sarna mites (sarcoptes scabiei) excavate in the skin to put eggs, which causes a condition known as scabies. This highly contagious infestation spreads through close personal contact.

  1. The niguas (trombiculidae) are mites that are usually found in areas of grass and forests. Their larvae adhere to the skin and cause strong itching and irritations.
  2. Bird mites (Dermanayssidae) are parasites that mainly infest birds, but can also chop humans, causing symptoms similar to those of dermatitis.

2. Mosca of insects (Dermatobia hominis): The human fly is a type of fly belonging to the Oestridae family. Unlike typical flies, their larvae excavate in the skin of mammals, including humans. These insects deposit their eggs in another insect, which transfers them to the human guest when he comes into contact with him. Once the larvae penetrate the skin, feed on the surrounding tissue and cause painful inflammation known as furuncular myiasis.

3. Hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus): Hookworms are parasitic nematodes that infect humans through contact with contaminated soil. These worms have hooked mouthparts that attach to the lining of the small intestine. Although they reside mainly in the digestive system, during the larval stages they can penetrate the skin, causing an itchy rash known as cutaneous larva migrans.

Symptoms and signs of bug burrowing

Common symptoms of bug burrowing

  • Itching: One of the most common symptoms of the presence of bed bugs is intense itching at the entry site. This itching may be accompanied by a dragging sensation on the skin.
  • Rash or bumps: Bed bug bites can often cause rashes or bumps to appear on the skin. These bumps may be red, swollen, or filled with fluid.
  • Pain or tenderness: In some cases, bed bug bites can cause pain or tenderness at the entry site. This may be more obvious if the insect has penetrated deeply into the skin.

Signs of complications

In some cases, bed bug bites can cause complications that require immediate medical attention. It is important to watch for these signs to ensure proper treatment of the condition.

  1. Bacterial infection: If the bite site becomes red, swollen, warm to the touch, or begins to ooze pus, it may indicate a secondary bacterial infection. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
  2. Allergic reaction: Allergic reactions to burrowing insects may manifest as severe itching, hives, swelling, difficulty breathing, or dizziness. If any of these symptoms occur, seek immediate medical attention.

It is important to remember that the symptoms and signs of a bed bug bite can vary depending on the specific insect and individual reactions. If you suspect the presence of bed bugs or experience any concerning symptoms, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Common Locations Where Bugs Burrow into Skin

1. Head and scalp: One of the most common areas where bugs enter the skin is the head and scalp. Although these bugs can infest people of all ages, they are usually found in children who have close physical contact in schools or daycares. The bugs can get into the hair follicles and cause severe itching and irritation. Scratching can lead to secondary infections.

2. Hands and fingers: Another place where bugs can be introduced into the skin are hands and fingers. This can happen when people come into contact with contaminated surfaces or objects, such as gardening tools or contaminated land. The bugs can enter through small cuts or abrasions in the skin, causing redness and swelling. It is important to clean and disinfect wounds to avoid complications.

Did you know…? According to a study published in the Journal of Medical Entomology, among the bugs that are usually introduced into the skin are the mites of the scabies, the niguas and the tick larvae.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Q: Can insects enter the skin without the guest noticing?
  • A: Yes, insects can be introduced into the skin without the guest noticing immediately. It is possible that symptoms such as itching and redness do not appear until infestation has progressed.
  • Q: What should I do if I suspect that I have bed bugs?
  • A: If you suspect you have bed bugs, it is advisable to request medical care. A healthcare professional can correctly diagnose infestation and recommend proper treatment.

Preventing Bug Burrowing: Essential Measures to Take

1. Minimize exposure to bric k-infested environments: One of the fundamental steps to prevent bug bugs is to avoid areas where these insects are usually found. Such places may include forest or grass covers, as well as places with stagnant water or dense vegetation. By minimizing your exposure to infested bedroom environments, the probability that insects will come into contact with their skin will decrease.

  1. Take protective clothing: Cover the exposed skin plays a crucial role in the prevention of the burrows of the bugs. When venturing into areas infested with bugs, it is advisable to wear long sleeves, long pants and closed footwear. Put your pants inside the socks creates an additional barrier against insects that you can try to climb through your legs. In addition, consider the possibility of wearing light colored clothes to repel certain types of insects, such as mosquitoes.
  2. Apply insect repellent: the use of insect repellents is an effective way to deter the bugs of entering your skin. Search for repellent containing Deet, Picaridina or IR3535, since it has been shown that these ingredients are more effective against a wide range of insects. Remember to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and r e-apply the repellent according to the recommendations.
  3. Inspect and Clean Outdoor Gear: Before heading outdoors, thoroughly inspect your gear, including camping gear, backpacks, and picnic blankets. Insects often hide in the fabric or crevices of these items, so be sure to remove any potential insects. Washing and drying your gear on high heat can also help eliminate any bugs that may be present.

Note: It is important to consult a healthcare professional if you suspect bed bugs or if you experience serious symptoms such as infection, swelling, or persistent pain.

By following these preventive measures, the risk of bugs getting into your skin is greatly reduced. However, it is essential to remain alert and take immediate action if you suspect a bed bug infestation or an encounter that may result in the bugs becoming embedded in your skin. Being proactive and informed is key to minimizing potential risks and ensuring your well-being in bug-prone environments.

Treatment options for bug burrowing

Topical Treatments: Topical treatments are frequently used to kill bugs that burrow into the skin. These treatments usually contain insecticides or chemicals that attack and kill parasites. A widely used topical treatment is permethrin, which belongs to the class of medications known as pyrethroids. Permethrin works by altering the nervous system of the bugs, which causes their death.

Note: It is important to read and follow the topical treatment instructions carefully. Some medications require multiple applications over a period of time to achieve optimal effectiveness.

Oral medications: In more severe cases of burrowing bugs, oral medications may be prescribed. These medications are designed to kill bugs from inside the body and are often used when topical treatments have proven ineffective. An example of an oral medication used for burrowing bugs is ivermectin, an antiparasitic agent that works by paralyzing and killing parasites.

  1. When oral medications are prescribed, it is crucial to take the entire treatment as directed by the healthcare professional to ensure complete eradication of the infestation.
  2. Oral medications can have side effects, and it is essential to report any adverse reactions to the prescribing doctor.

Preventive measures: prevention plays a crucial role to avoid infestations by excavating bedbugs. It is important to maintain good personal hygiene, regularly wash and clean clothes and bedding, and avoid contact with infested areas. In addition, the use of insect and protective clothing repellents can also help reduce the risk of infestation by excavating bedrooms.

Treatment option Description
Topical treatments Creams or solutions that contain insecticides and apply directly to the affected areas to kill the bugs.
Oral medications Pills or tablets that are taken orally to kill bugs from inside the organism.
Precautionary measures Practices such as maintaining good personal hygiene, using insect repellents and wearing protective clothing to avoid bedroom infestations.

Distinctive cases of bug burrowing worldwide

One of these fascinating cases comes from the tropical jungles of South America, where it is known that the larvae of the Bot fly are introduced into the skin of unsuspecting victims. The Bot fly, scientifically known as Dermatobia Hominis, is a parasite insect that puts its eggs in various vectors, including mosquitoes. When a mosquito pica to a human being, he transfers the eggs from the host skin, where they end up hatching. Newborn larvae are introduced into the skin, causing painful sores and discomfort. These cases have been described above all in tropical regions, and an adequate diagnosis and the elimination of larvae are crucial for affected people.

In case of mosquito infestation:

  • The prevention of mosquito bites can significantly reduce the risk of exposure to mosquito larvae.
  • Early detection and larvae elimination are essential to avoid subsequent complications.
  • The topical application of certain substances, such as petroleum jelly or adhesive tape, can suffocate the larvae and facilitate their elimination.

Another intriguing excavator insect case is found in the sandy terrain of the African continent. Sand fleas, scientifically known as Tunga Penetrans, are microscopic insects that thrive in warm and sandy environments. These fleas dig in the skin, especially at the feet, causing itching and intense inflammation. If they are not treated, fleas can grow rapidly, form pustules and cause secondary infections.

When it comes to a fleas infestation of the sand

  1. Cleaning and disinfecting thoroughly affected areas can help prevent secondary infections.
  2. It is necessary to eliminate embedded fleas with sterilized instruments to relieve symptoms.
  3. The application of a topical antiparasitic medication can help eliminate the remaining fleas and prevent reinstatement.

Flee cases embedded in the world
Region Species Effects
South America Insect fly (Dermatobia hominis) Painful sores, discomfort
Africa Arena Flea (Tunga Penetrans) Intense itching, inflammation, secondary infections

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

Cannabis and Hemp Testing Laboratory
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