How to Stop a Seizure Learn effective methods and strategies to control and manage seizures for a safer, healthier life.

How to stop an epileptic crisis Learn effective methods and strategies to control and manage epileptic crises to lead a safer and more healthy life.

Seizures can be a frightening experience, not only for the affected person but also for those around them. These sudden bursts of abnormal electrical activity in the brain can cause temporary changes in behavior, consciousness, and motor control. Knowing how to recognize and respond to a seizure is crucial to providing the necessary care and support. Additionally, there are steps that can be taken to help prevent seizures from occurring in the first place, providing people with a better quality of life.

Types of epileptic seizures:

  1. Generalized seizures: This type of seizure affects both sides of the brain and is characterized by loss of consciousness, seizures, and muscle rigidity. The most common form of generalized seizure is known as a tonic-clonic seizure, in which the person experiences muscle rigidity (the tonic phase) followed by jerking movements (the clonic phase).
  2. Focal seizures: Also called partial seizures, these seizures only affect one part of the brain. Focal seizures can be further classified into focal onset seizures of consciousness, in which the person remains conscious during the episode, or focal onset seizures of altered consciousness, in which there is an alteration of consciousness or even loss of consciousness. total of it.

Important: Seeing a doctor after experiencing a seizure is crucial, as recurrent seizures may indicate an underlying medical condition that requires treatment. Additionally, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional before making any changes to medication or treatment plans.

How to Stop a Seizure

1. Stay calm and seek medical assistance: When witnessing a seizure, it is essential to remain calm and focused. Be sure to call for emergency medical help immediately to ensure that appropriate medical care is provided as soon as possible. Stay with the person and assure them that help is on the way.

Note: It is important to avoid grabbing the person or trying to stop the seizure by force. Let the crisis take its course while you take the necessary precautions to ensure safety.

2. Clear the area and create a safe environment: seizures can cause involuntary movements, which can cause injuries. Clear the immediate environment of any sharp or dangerous object that may damage the individual during the seizure. Remove any obstacle or furniture that can obstruct your movements or cause accidental lesions.

  1. Protect the person’s head: place a soft object, such as a pillow or rolled clothes, under the head of the person to avoid head or neck injuries during seizure.
  2. Turn the person on your side: if possible, gently turn the person on your side to secure clear airways and prevent it from drowning in case of saliva or vomiting.

3. Chronake the crisis: It is important to control the duration of the crisis. Write down the start and end of the seizure, since this information can be useful for medical professionals.

Signs of seizures: Action:
Duration: Start and end time of the crisis.
Movements: Observe the type and pattern of movements.
Behavior: Take note of any unusual behavior or changes in consciousness.

Remember that each crisis is different, and that it is essential to look for medical advice and follow the recommended treatment plan for the underlying disease that causes crises. Taking appropriate measures to guarantee security and providing a quiet and supporting environment can effectively help to manage an episode of seizures.

Understanding Seizures: Types, Causes, and Symptoms

There are several types of epileptic crises, each with its own underlying characteristics and causes. The two main categories of crisis are the generalized crises, which affect both sides of the brain, and focal crises, which begin in an area of the brain. Within these categories, there are other crisis subtypes, including:

  • Crisis of absence: These crises are characterized by a brief loss of consciousness, during which the person may seem to stare at space.
  • Tonic-clonic crisis: also known as crisis of great evil, these crises imply a loss of consciousness, body stiffness and spasmodic movements.
  • Simple partial crises: These crises affect a concrete part of the body or a region of the brain, which causes symptoms located such as shaking or sensory alterations.
  • Complex partial crises: These crises also originate in a specific area of the brain, but can cause alterations of consciousness and repetitive and without purpose movements.
Type of attack Characteristics
Absence crisis Brief loss of consciousness
Tonic-clonic crisis Loss of consciousness, body stiffness and spasmodic movements
Simple partial crises It affects a specific part of the body or a region of the brain, giving rise to localized symptoms
Complex partial crises Deterioration of consciousness and repetitive and purpose movements

Seizures can have various causes, such as genetic factors, brain injuries or anomalies, infections and certain medical conditions. It is crucial to identify the underlying cause of the crises to develop an adequate treatment plan. Look for medical attention if you experience recurring seizures or observe that someone is having a seizure.

Recognizing the different types of epileptic crises and understanding their causes and symptoms is essential for affected people and their caregivers. Learning about epileptic crises, you can better navigate through challenges and provide the necessary support and attention to those who experience epileptic crises.

First Aid for Seizures: Dos and Don’ts


  • Keep calm and try to keep your composure. Keeping calm can help reassure the person suffering from a crisis and avoiding panic.
  • Create a safe environment by removing any close object that can damage the person during the crisis. Drawing the furniture or sharp objects from your environment can minimize the risk of injuries.
  • If possible, gently cushion your head with a soft object, such as a folded sweater or a pillow. This can avoid head injuries during seizures.

Do nothing:

  1. Do not hold the person or try to stop their movements during a seizure. It is important to let the seizure follow its course naturally.
  2. Do not put anything in his mouth. Contrary to popular belief, it is not necessary to introduce any object, such as spoons or fingers, in the mouth of the person to prevent the tongue from swallowing. This could damage your teeth or jaw.
  3. Do not try to wake up the person while suffering a seizure. It is crucial to let the crisis end on its own, and the person will recover the consciousness gradually.

Note: crises can vary in duration and intensity. If a seizure lasts more than five minutes or if it is followed from another shortly after, it is vital to immediately call emergency services.

Following these tips on what is owed and should not be done in first aid, you can provide the necessary support and care to someone who suffers a seizure. Remember that keeping calm, creating a safe environment and avoiding unnecessary interventions are the keys to helping someone in these difficult times.

Medication for Seizure Management: Options and Considerations

1. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs)

Antiepileptic drugs, also known as AEDs, are the most prescribed to treat seizures. These drugs work by stabilizing the electrical activity of the brain, reducing the likelihood of seizures. There is a wide range of AEDs, each with its own mechanism of action and possible side effects. It is important that healthcare professionals carefully evaluate the seizure type, frequency, and patient’s medical history to determine which AED is most appropriate for their condition.

  • First-line medications: Some AEDs, such as levetiracetam, lamotrigine, and valproic acid, are considered first-line treatments for various types of seizures. These medications have proven effective in controlling seizures and are usually well tolerated.
  • Second-line medications: If first-line AEDs are ineffective or intolerable, healthcare professionals may consider second-line options such as topiramate, oxcarbazepine, or zonisamide. These medications may have different mechanisms of action and side effects than first-line treatments.
  • Combination therapy: In some cases, healthcare professionals may prescribe a combination of AEDs to achieve better seizure control. This approach is usually considered when monotherapy (treatment with a single drug) fails to adequately control seizures or when different types of seizures require different medications for control.

Note: It is essential that people with seizures take their AEDs regularly and as prescribed. Skipping doses or abruptly stopping medication without medical guidance can increase the risk of seizure recurrence.

2. Other medications

In addition to AEDs, there are other medications that can be used in specific cases or in combination with AEDs to control seizures:

  1. Benzodiazepines: Medications such as diazepam or lorazepam are classified as benzodiazepines and are often used for the emergency treatment of prolonged seizures or clusters of seizures. These medications work by calming overactive brain activity and helping prevent new seizures.
  2. Ketogenic diet: Although not a medication, the ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that has been shown to be effective in reducing seizures, especially in children with epilepsy. This diet can be considered an alternative or complement to medication in certain cases.
  3. Vago nerve stimulation (ENV): SHIs is a medication treatment option for people who do not respond to medication or are not suitable candidates for surgery. It consists of implementing a device that sends electrical impulses to the vagus nerve, which helps reduce the frequency and severity of the crises.

Ultimately, the choice of medication for the treatment of crises depends on several factors, such as the specific type of crisis of the person, their medical history, possible side effects and their response to previous treatments. It is essential that people with seizures collaborate closely with their health professionals to find the most appropriate medication regime, guaranteeing optimal convulsions and good quality of life.

Seizure Management Techniques: Non-Medical Approaches

A no n-medical approach to crisis management is the use of crisis response plans. These plans are personalized strategies that describe the specific steps that caregivers, family or people themselves must give when a crisis occurs. Seizure response plans usually include clear instructions on how to create a safe environment during a seizure, methods to protect the person from injuries and guidelines on when to seek medical help. Following a plan to respond to seizures, who surround the person who suffers a seizure can minimize potential risks and ensure that proper support is provided.

Seizure response plans:

  1. They provide clear instructions to create a safe environment during a seizure.
  2. Describe methods to protect the person from possible injuries.
  3. Provide guidelines on when to seek medical help.

Another no n-medical technique that can be effective in the treatment of seizures is the use of first aid interventions. The basic first aid measures, such as putting the person aside to avoid drowning, provide a soft cushion or a pillow to support his head and loosen tight clothes, can help relieve complications during a seizure. It is important to keep in mind that, during a seizure, it is crucial not to hold the person or introduce anything in the mouth, since this could cause damage.

First aid interventions in case of seizure
Action Purpose
Put the person aside Avoid drowning and keeping the airways open
Provide a soft cushion or a pillow to support the head Minimize the risk of cranial trauma
Loosen tight clothes Facilitate breathing and reduce discomfort

Supporting Individuals with Seizure Disorders: Tips for Family and Friends

1. Educate Yourself:

One of the most important steps you can take as a family member or friend is to educate yourself about seizure disorders. Understanding the different types of crises, their triggers and appropriate responses can help you reduce anxiety and enable you to offer appropriate support when needed.

I knew it?

  • Epileptic seizures can be caused by various factors, such as genetics, head trauma, brain tumors, or infections.
  • There are different types of epileptic seizures, such as generalized seizures (affecting the entire brain) and focal seizures (limited to one area of the brain).
  • Seizures can come in different forms, from brief lapses of consciousness to uncontrollable muscle movements or seizures.

2. Provide a Safe Environment:

Creating a safe environment is crucial for people with seizure disorders. To minimize potential risks during a seizure, keep the following in mind:

  1. Clear the surroundings of sharp or dangerous objects that could harm the individual during a seizure.
  2. Keep the area well lit to avoid disorientation after an attack.
  3. Consider cushioning hard surfaces and removing obstacles to minimize the risk of injury.
Key points: Measures to take:
Protect the person’s head: Place something soft, such as a pillow or folded clothing, under your head to prevent head injuries.
Time the crisis: Note the duration of the crisis to provide accurate information to healthcare professionals.
Do not restrain the person: Avoid holding him or trying to stop his movements during a seizure.

Remember that providing support and understanding to people with seizure disorders can significantly improve their quality of life.

Living with Seizures: Lifestyle Modifications to Reduce Seizure Frequency

1. Maintain a consistent sleep schedule: Lack of sleep or changes in sleep patterns can trigger seizures in some people. Establishing a regular sleep routine can help regulate brain activity and reduce the risk of seizures. It is recommended to sleep between 7 and 8 hours of quality each night. Avoiding caffeine and electronic devices before bed can also promote better sleep.

  1. Avoid possible seizure triggers:
    • Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs, as they can lower the seizure threshold.
    • Identify and avoid specific foods or ingredients that may trigger seizures.
    • Minimize stress through relaxation techniques such as deep breathing exercises or yoga.
    • Limit exposure to flashing lights or patterns that may induce photosensitive seizures.

Note: It is essential to work in close collaboration with a healthcare professional and follow its orientations when making any significant modification in the lifestyle to control seizures.

2. Keep a healthy diet: a wel l-balanced diet can contribute to improve general health and potentially reduce the frequency of crises. Although there is no specific diet for epilepsy that works for everyone, some people discover that following a ketogenic diet, low in carbohydrates and high in fat, helps them control their crises. It is important to consult a health professional or a dietitian entitled before making drastic changes in the diet.

Recommended foods Foods avoided
  • Whole grains
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Lean proteins
  • Healthy fats (olive oil, avocados)
  • Low fat products in fat
  • Processed foods
  • Food and drinks with high sugar content
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Very processed meats
  • Fried foods

Through the incorporation of these modifications in the lifestyle, people with seizures can have greater control over their disease and potentially experience a reduction in the frequency and severity of seizures. It is essential to work in collaboration with health professionals to create a personalized plan that addresses the triggers and specific needs.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

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