Hormigueo in hands and feet – Causes, symptoms and treatment of numbness and tingling in the limbs

Hormigueo in hands and feet - Causes, symptoms and treatment of numbness and tingling in the limbs.

Experimenting a feeling of tingling in hands and feet can be an uncomfortable and alarming symptom that can affect your daily life. This sensation, also called parstesthesia, is described as a puncture, tingling or numbness in the affected areas. It can occur intermittently or persistently and can be accompanied by pain or weakness. Understanding the possible causes of tingling in hands and feet can help determine the appropriate treatment and management strategies.

Causes of tingling in hands and feet:

  1. Peripheral neuropathy: This condition is characterized by the damage or dysfunction of the peripheral nerves, which causes an abnormal sensory interconnection. Diabetes, vitamin deficiencies, nerve compression and certain medications are common causes of peripheral neuropathy.
  2. Carpal tunnel syndrome: medium nerve compression on the wrist can cause tingling, numbness and weakness in the hands. It is usually due to repetitive movements, underlying health problems or trauma.
  3. Hyperventilation: breathing excessive and can quickly cause a decrease in carbon dioxide levels in the blood, which causes tingling sensations in the limbs.

It is essential to consult a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause of the tingling in hands and feet before considering any treatment option. An exhaustive medical evaluation, which includes a physical examination and possibly other diagnostic tests, can help identify the cause cause and guide appropriate interventions.

As for treatment, the approach will vary depending on the underlying cause. Addressing the primary condition or underlying factors that contribute to the sensation of tingling is crucial for effective treatment. In some cases, symptoms can be relieved with conservative measures such as lifestyle, physiotherapy or medication. However, if the underlying cause is more serious or progressive, additional interventions, such as surgery or specialized treatments, may be necessary.

Understanding the Causes of Tingling Sensations in Hands and Feet

The sensation of tingling in hands and feet may be due to numerous causes. A frequent cause is the injury or irritation of the nerves, which may be due to conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome or peripheral neuropathy. The carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve, which passes through the wrist, is compressed or clamp, which causes tingling or numbness in the hand and fingers. Peripheral neuropathy, meanwhile, refers to damages or dysfunctions of peripheral nerves derived from various factors such as diabetes, vitamin deficiencies or infections.

Note: The sensation of tingling in hands and feet may be due to various factors, such as nerve injuries, vitamin deficiencies and medical conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome and peripheral neuropathy.

Another possible cause of the tingling in hands and feet is the poor blood circulation. The reduction of blood flow may be due to conditions such as atherosclerosis, which causes arteries to narrow and restrict oxygen flow and nutrients to the limbs. In addition, some medical disorders, such as diabetes and Raynaud’s disease, can aggravate circulatory problems and cause tingling sensation. It is essential to treat these underlying vascular problems to avoid more discomfort and possible complications.

To determine the specific cause of the sensation of tingling in hands and feet, it is essential that a healthcare professional perform an exhaustive evaluation. Normally diagnostic tests, anamnesis and physical examination are performed to identify the underlying condition and design an adequate treatment plan. By understanding the possible causes of these tingling sensations, people can seek adequate medical attention and take the necessary measures to control their symptoms effectively.

  1. Damage or nerve irritation
  2. Poor blood circulation
Causes of tingling sensation Common conditions
Carpal tunnel syndrome Atherosclerosis
Peripheral neuropathy Diabetes
Raynaud’s disease

Common Medical Conditions Associated with Tingling Hands and Feet

A frequent tingling cause in hands and feet is diabetic neuropathy. Diabetes affects the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels and, over time, high blood sugar levels can damage nerves and cause neuropathy. People with diabetic neuropathy often experience tingling and numbness in the limbs, including hands and feet. This condition can also cause pain and loss of sensitivity, which makes it difficult to carry out everyday activities.

Important information:

  • Diabetic neuropathy is a frequent complication of diabetes.
  • It affects the nerves of the hands and feet, causing tingling, numbness and pain.
  • Good blood glucose control and adequate care of the feet can help prevent and treat diabetic neuropathy.

Lifestyle Factors That Can Contribute to Tingling Sensations

1. Sedentary lifestyle: Bringing a sedentary lifestyle, characterized by prolonged periods sitting or minimal physical activity, can hinder blood flow and contribute to tingling sensations. The lack of movement can cause nerve compression and restrict oxygen flow and nutrients to the limbs. Therefore, it is essential to incorporate regular exercise and frequent breaks of prolonged sedestiation to promote healthy circulation.

Tip: Try to incorporate at least 30 minutes of physical activity of moderate intensity into your daily routine, such as walking at a light pace, riding or swimming. In addition, make short breaks every hour to stretch and move in order to improve blood flow.

2. Bad posture: Maintaining a bad posture while sitting or standing for prolonged periods can contribute to tingling sensations. Being hunched or hooded can exert pressure on the nerves and blood vessels of the neck, shoulders and back, causing tingling to hands and feet. Applying adequate ergonomics and maintaining a good posture can help relieve these symptoms.

Tip: Sit right, with relaxed shoulders and aligned with your ears. Use a support chair or cushion that favors a good posture. Avoid crossing your legs for prolonged periods and make sure the feet are resting on the ground.

3. Nutritional deficiencies: A diet devoid of essential vitamins and minerals can alter the nerve function and contribute to tingling sensations. The deficiencies of vitamins B12, B6 and E, as well as minerals such as calcium and magnesium, are usually associated with nerv e-related discomfort. A balanced diet that includes nutrien t-rich foods can help prevent these lacks and reduce the sensation of tingling.

Tip: Include foods such as lean meats, fish, eggs, dairy products, whole grains, fruits and vegetables in your diet to guarantee adequate vitamins and mineral intake. Consider consulting a healthcare professional to evaluate their nutritional needs.

How to Alleviate Tingling Sensations in Hands and Feet Naturally

1. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle

To effectively control tingling sensations in hands and feet, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. This includes regular exercise, a balanced diet and adequate hydration. Exercise helps improve blood circulation and prevents nerve compression, reducing the probability of tingling sensations. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables and integral cereals provides essential vitamins and minerals for nerve health. Staying well hydrated also plays a crucial role in maintaining adequate blood flow and nerve function in general.

Tip: incorporate activities such as walking, swimming or bicycle to your daily routine to improve circulation in hands and feet.

2. Practice Stress Reduction Techniques

Stress can exacerbate tingling sensations in hands and feet, so taking measures to reduce stress levels can be very beneficial. Practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing exercises, meditation or yoga can help relieve stress and promote general wel l-being. In addition, dedicating time to hobbies, participating in activities that you like and resting enough can contribute greatly to reduce stress levels and minimize tingling sensations. Giving priority to sel f-care and finding healthy mechanisms to face stress can significantly improve the symptoms that may be experiencing.

  1. Deep breathing: Sit or lie comfortably. Inhale deeply through the nose, allowing the abdomen to expand. Exhale slowly through your mouth, concentrating on releasing tension.
  2. Meditation: Look for a quiet place, close your eyes and focus on your breathing. Let any thought that arises and allow you to be fully present at the time.
  3. Yoga: regularly practices yoga postures that favor relaxation, such as the child’s posture, the legs against the wall or the body posture.

When to Seek Medical Attention for Tingling Hands and Feet

In some cases, the tingling in hands and feet may be the result of temporary nerve compression due to a bad posture or to remain in the same position for a prolonged period of time. However, if the tingling sensation is accompanied by other symptoms such as numbness, weakness or coordination difficulty, it can indicate a more serious condition. Disorders that affect peripheral nerves, such as peripheral neuropathy or nerve entrapment syndromes, can cause tingling and require medical intervention.

Possible signs that warrant medical attention for tingling hands and feet:

  1. Persistent or recurring tingling that lasts several days or weeks.
  2. Hormigueo accompanied by numbness, weakness or loss of sensitivity.
  3. Difficulty of coordination or balance problems.
  4. Hormigueo that simultaneously affects hands and feet.
  5. Hormigueo that worsens progressively over time.

It is important to consult a healthcare professional if you experience any of these signs, since they can indicate an underlying medical condition that requires treatment. Early diagnosis and intervention can help prevent possible complications and improve their quality of life in general.

In some cases, the tingling in hands and feet may be the indication of more serious conditions, such as diabetes, vitamin deficiencies, autoimmune disorders or nerve injuries. Going to the doctor and receiving a precise diagnosis can help determine the underlying cause of the sensation of tingling and guide the appropriate treatment options.

Diagnosing and Treating Underlying Conditions Causing Tingling Sensations

A frequent cause of tingling sensation is nerve compression. The nerves can be compressed or gathered for various reasons, such as injuries, inflammations or certain medical conditions, such as carpal tunnel syndrome or discs. Compression of a nerve can interrupt the normal flow of signals and cause abnormal sensations, such as tingling. To identify the concrete area of nerve compression, an exhaustive medical evaluation is necessary. This may include a physical exam, review of medical history and additional diagnostic tests such as nervous driving studies or image techniques.

Common causes of tingling sensations:

  • Nervous compression
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Vitamin deficiencies
  • Diabetes
  • Raynaud’s disease

Once the underlying cause of tingling sensations is determined, proper treatment can be recommended. The treatment plan may include a combination of medical interventions, lifestyle modifications and sel f-care measures. Addressing the background cause of the tingling sensation is crucial to relieve it and prevent subsequent complications.

Treatment options:

  • Medications to control pain and reduce inflammation
  • Physiotherapy exercises and stretching to improve nerve function
  • Orthopedic devices or splints to relieve pressure in affected areas
  • Changes in diet or supplements to correct vitamin deficiencies.
  • Control of underlying medical conditions, such as keeping blood sugar levels stable in diabetes
Common causes Diagnostic approach Treatment options
Nervous compression Physical examination, review of the medical history, nerve driving studies, image techniques Medication, exercises and stretching of physiotherapy, orthosis or splints
Peripheral neuropathy Neurological exploration, blood analysis, electromyography, nervous biopsy Analgesics, physiotherapy, transcutaneous electric stimulation (tens)
Vitamin deficiencies Detailed Dietary History, Blood Analysis Supplements, diet changes
Diabetes Blood analysis, review of medical history Glycemia control, medication settings
Raynaud’s disease Physical examination, review of the medical history Lifestyle modifications, medication to improve blood flow

Preventive Measures to Avoid Tingling Hands and Feet

1. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle

Exercise regularly: perform physical activities such as walking, swimming or doing yoga can improve blood circulation and reduce the risk of nerve injuries. It is recommended to incorporate at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise into the daily routine.

Follow a balanced diet: a diet rich in vitamins and minerals is essential for nerve health. Include foods rich in group B vitamins, such as whole grains, green leafy vegetables and lean proteins. In addition, omega-3 fatty acids found in fish, nuts and seeds can help reduce inflammation and favor nerve function in general.

  1. Avoid excessive alcohol consumption: alcohol can have a detrimental effect on nerves, causing tingling sensations. Limit or avoid alcohol consumption to maintain optimal nerve health.
  2. Avoid smoking: smoking restricts blood flow and can damage nerves over time. Stop smoking not only benefits health in general, but also helps prevent tingling into hands and feet.
  3. Keep a healthy weight: excess weight can exert pressure on the nerves and restrict blood flow. Incorporate a balanced diet and regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and reduce the risk of tingling sensations.

2. Practice Good Posture and Ergonomics

Pay attention to the posture: maintaining a correct posture while sitting, standing or walking can prevent nerve compression and reduce the risk of tingling in hands and feet. Avoid hiding and pauses to stretch and move if you have a sedentary job.

Did you know? Bad postures can cause compression of the spine nerves, which translates into tingling sensations in the limbs.

Use ergonomic equipment: if you work on a desk or spend a lot of time using a computer, invest in ergonomic equipment such as a chair or an ergonomic keyboard. These tools can help maintain adequate alignment and minimize nerve compression.

Tips for a good position: Tips for an ergonomic posture:
  • Sit with your back straight and relaxed shoulders.
  • Keep your feet resting on the ground or use a restraint.
  • Adjust the height of the chair so that the knees form an angle of 90 degrees.
  • Place the upper part of the computer screen at eye level.
  • Use a keyboard and a mouse that allows you to keep your dolls in a neutral position.
  • Place objects of frequently used at hand to avoid excessive stretching or efforts.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

Cannabis and Hemp Testing Laboratory
Add a comment