Find out the reasons for gum pain and discover effective remedies to relieve discomfort in this informative article.

Find out the reasons for your gum pain and discover effective remedies to relieve discomfort in this informative article.

Gum pain can be a common dental problem that people may experience at one time or another. There are several reasons why the gums can hurt, from minor problems to more serious conditions. Here are some possible causes and remedies to take into account:

  1. Gingivitis: One of the most common causes of gum pain is gingivitis, which is an early stage of gum disease. A poor oral hygiene, plaque accumulation and bacteria can cause inflammation of gums, causing redness, swelling and discomfort. To prevent and treat gingivitis, it is important to maintain adequate oral hygiene habits, such as brushing your teeth regularly, using dental thread and undergoing dental reviews.

    Treatment: To relieve gum pain caused by gingivitis, it is essential to improve its oral hygiene routine. Be sure to brush your teeth twice a day with a soft bristle brush and dentifric paste with fluoride. In addition, do not forget to use tooth thread daily to remove the plate and food particles that have remained between the teeth and gums. Visiting a dentist to make you a professional cleaning and advise you on how to improve your oral care practices can also be beneficial.

  2. Gum infection: Another possible cause of gum pain is an infection, such as periodontitis. This advanced phase of gum disease occurs when bacteria spread from the gums to the tissues and bones that support the teeth. In addition to the gum pain, the symptoms can include poor breath, bleeding of gums, loose teeth and gum retraction.

    Treatment: If you suspect you have an gum infection, it is essential that you look for professional dental attention. A dentist may recommend a deep cleaning procedure, known as scraping and root smoothing, to remove plaque and bacteria. In severe cases, it may be necessary to resort to oral surgery or antibiotic treatment to control infection and favor the healing of gums.

It is important to remember that these are just some of the possible reasons why the gums can hurt. If you experience a persistent or intense gum pain, it is recommended to consult a dentist to obtain an adequate diagnosis and a treatment plan adapted to their specific needs. Taking care of your oral health can help you prevent gum pain and maintain a healthy smile.

Understanding Gum Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Causes of Gum Pain

The gum pain may be due to several causes, from poor oral hygiene to underlying health problems. One of the main causes of gum pain is gum disease, which may be due to the accumulation of plaque and tartar along the gum line. When bacteria infiltrate gums, they can cause inflammation, swelling and sensitivity. Other common factors that can contribute to gum pain are:

  • Grind or tighten your teeth, which exerts excessive pressure on the gums.
  • Inadequate brushing or tooth thread techniques that can irritate the gums.
  • Food remains that are struck between gums and teeth, causing irritation.
  • Tobacco consumption, since it can irritate the gums and increase the risk of periodontal disease.
  • Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy, which can increase the sensitivity of gums.

Gum pain can also be a symptom of a more serious underlying disease, such as oral cancer, a dental abscess or vitamin lack. It is important to consult a dentistry professional if the gum pain persists or worsens over time.

Symptoms of Gum Pain

The gum pain is usually accompanied by several symptoms that can help identify the underlying cause. Some common symptoms of gum pain are

  1. Red, swollen or inflamed gums.
  2. Bleeding of gums, especially during brushing or the use of dental thread.
  3. Sensitivity in gums
  4. Retracted gums that make the teeth seem longer.
  5. Persistent bad breath or mouth taste
  6. Loose or moving teeth
  7. Pus or secretion around the gums

Treatment for Gum Pain

Proper gum pain treatment depends on the underlying cause. In most cases, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene practices. This includes brushing your teeth regularly, using dental thread and antibacterial oral rinses to prevent and reduce the inflammation of gums. In addition, going to a dentist to undergo cleansing and periodic reviews can help identify and treat any gum problem.

In cases where gum pain is caused by gum disease, the dentist may recommend professional treatments such as roasted and root smoothing or antibiotic therapy to eliminate bacteria and favor the healing of gums. For other underlying diseases, specific treatments may be necessary, and it is essential to consult a healthcare professional to obtain adequate diagnosis and treatment.

Causes of gum pain Common symptoms Treatment options
Gum disease, poor oral hygiene Red and inflamed gums, bleeding, sensitivity Oral hygiene practices, professional dental treatments
Grind your teeth, incorrect brushing Sensitivity, withdrawn gums Oral devices, better brushing techniques
Food remains, tobacco consumption Bad breath, loose teeth Improvement of oral hygiene, tobacco abandonment

Dental Hygiene and Gum Pain: How They Are Connected

1. Deficient dental hygiene:

  • Do not maintain adequate dental hygiene, such as brushing your teeth and using dental thread regularly, can cause an accumulation of plaque and bacteria in your mouth. This can cause inflammation of gums and, over time, cause gum pain.
  • In addition, neglecting routine dental reviews and cleanings can contribute to gum pain. Dental professionals can identify the first signs of gum disease and provide adequate treatment to avoid greater discomfort.

2. Gum diseases:

  1. Gingivitis: It is the initial phase of gum disease, characterized by redness, inflammation and bleeding of gums. The lack of oral hygiene is one of the main causes of gingivitis and, if not, it can evolve to more serious forms of gum disease.
  2. Periodontitis: When gingivitis is not treated in time, it can evolve to periodontitis. This form of gum disease affects teeth support structures, including bone. It can cause gum pain, gingival recession and teeth loss if not properly.

Periodic dental cleaning and good oral hygiene practices are crucial to prevent gum disease and associated gum pain.

Gum Infections and Inflammation: What Causes the Pain?

One of the main gum pains is poor oral hygiene. Neglect brushing and the use of dental thread allows plate to be accumulated in teeth and gums. The plate is a sticky film formed by bacteria, food and saliva particles. If it is not eliminated, harden and becomes tartar, which can irritate and inflame the gums. In addition, certain lifestyle choices, such as smoking or consuming tobacco, can further aggravate infections and inflammation of gums.

Important information:

  • A poor oral hygiene is an important factor that contributes to infections and inflammation of gums.
  • The accumulation of plaque along the line of gums can cause the development and progression of gingivitis and periodontitis.
  • Sarter, a hardened shape of the plate, can cause irritation and inflammation of gums.
  • The lifestyle, such as smoking, can worsen infections and inflammation of gums.

In addition to oral hygiene practices, certain medical conditions can also increase the risk of gum infections and inflammation. Diabetes, for example, weakens the immune system, increasing susceptibility to infections, including those that affect the gums. Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause can also cause gum sensitivity and increase inflammation. Likewise, medications such as anticonvulsants or immunosuppressants can affect gum health and contribute to pain and discomfort.

It is important to note that gum infections and inflammation, if left untreated, can progress to more serious forms of periodontal disease and lead to tooth loss. Regular dental checkups and maintaining good oral hygiene practices are essential to preventing and treating sore gums and related complications.

Gum Pain: Is It a Sign of Gum Disease?


  • Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease and is usually the initial phase of gum infection. It is caused by plaque buildup on the teeth and gums due to inadequate oral hygiene.
  • The common symptoms of gingivitis are redness, inflammation, tenderness and bleeding of the gums.
  • If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a more serious form of gum disease known as periodontitis.
  • Regular dental cleanings, improving oral hygiene habits, and professional treatment are crucial to reversing gingivitis and preventing its progression.

It is important to keep in mind that gum pain can also be caused by other factors such as trauma, hormonal changes, certain medications or underlying diseases. Consulting with a dental professional is essential to accurately diagnose the cause and determine the appropriate treatment.


  1. If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, which is a more severe and advanced form of gum disease.
  2. Periodontitis is characterized by inflammation and infection that affects the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums, bone and ligaments.
  3. Common symptoms of periodontitis include persistent gum pain, gum recession, bad breath, loose teeth, and changes in your bite.
  4. Treatment of periodontitis may include deep cleaning procedures, antibiotic therapy, gum surgery, or, in severe cases, tooth extraction.

Common Dental Procedures That Can Lead to Gum Discomfort

1. scraping and root smoothing: scraping and root smoothing is a deep cleaning procedure used to treat gum disease, also known as periodontitis. This procedure consists in eliminating the plate and tartar of the gum line and smoothes the roots of the teeth. Although rope and root smoothing is crucial to maintain the health of the gums, it can cause temporal inflammation and sensitivity in the gums.

  • Important note: It is important to follow the instructions after the treatment provided by its dentist or periodoncist to minimize the discomfort in the gums and favor healing.
  • Tips for controlling discomfort:
  1. Take analgesics without recipe, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, as recommended by your dentist.
  2. Rinse your mouth with temperate salt water several times a day to reduce inflammation.
  3. Avoid eating or drinking extremely hot or cold foods to prevent sensitivity.

Note: If the discomfort in the gums persist or get worse after scraping and root smoothing, it is important that you contact your dentist for a more exhaustive evaluation.

2. Dental prints: Dental prints are usually used to restore toot h-damaged teeth. The process consists of eliminating the caried tooth and filling it with a durable material, such as composite resin or amalgam. Although dental fillings are necessary to preserve the dental structure, they can sometimes cause bothering in the gums due to the pressure applied during the procedure.

Signs of discomfort in the gums after dental prints: How to relieve discomfort:
Pain or sensitivity in gums Apply a cold compress on the outside of the mouth to reduce inflammation
Mild gum bleeding Gently rinse your mouth with a soft saline solution

Remember, if the discomfort in the gums persist or worse, it is essential to consult your dentist for a more thorough examination and proper treatment.

Hormonal Changes and Gum Pain: What Women Need to Know

1. Increased sensitivity: hormonal changes can make gums more sensitive to mouth irritants, such as plaque and bacteria. This increase in sensitivity can cause pain, inflammation and bleeding of gums. It is essential that women maintain a constant oral hygiene routine and visit the dentist regularly to prevent gum disease.

Tip: Use Dental thread and an antiseptic oral rinse can help reduce the sensitivity and discomfort of gums.

2. Pregnancy gingivitis: pregnancy is an era of important hormonal changes, and many women experience gingivitis during pregnancy. This condition, known as pregnancy gingivitis, is characterized by red gums, swollen and sensitive. It is important that pregnant women receive dental care and treat any pain or discomfort in the gums promptly to guarantee their health and that of their babies.

Tip: Inform your dentist about your pregnancy, since you can recommend additional dental cleaning to treat pregnancy gingivitis.

3. Menopause and dry mouth: menopause is another phase of life in which hormonal imbalances can affect oral health. The decrease in estrogen levels during menopause can cause oral dryness, a condition in which saliva production is reduced. Oral dryness can contribute to gum pain and increase the risk of dental problems, such as caries and gum diseases.

  1. Drink a lot of water to stay hydrated and favor saliva production.
  2. Avoid alcohol and caffeine, as the symptoms of dry mouth may worsen.
  3. Consider using saliva substitutes or prescription medications to control oral dryness.

Understanding the relationship between hormonal changes and gum pain is crucial for the oral health of women. Maintaining good oral hygiene, going to the dentist regularly and promptly addressing any pain or discomfort in the gums, women can effectively control these hormonal fluctuations and preserve their dental wel l-being.

Oral Habits that Contribute to Gum Pain and How to Break Them

Gum pain can be a frustrating and uncomfortable experience. Although gum pain may be due to several causes, some mouth habits may contribute to their development and aggravation. Understanding these habits and learning to break them can help relieve gum pain and promote better oral health.

1. Poor mouthpiece: neglect adequate oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and inappropriate dental thread, can cause plaque and bacteria accumulation along the gum line. This can cause inflammation and gum pain. It is essential to brush your teeth at least twice a day for two minutes each time, using a soft bristle brush and teeth with fluoride. In addition, the regular use of dental thread helps eliminate plate and waste between the teeth and along the gum line.

Tip: Practice a gentle circular movement during brushing, focusing on the gum line to effectively remove the plate.

  1. Aggressive brushing: although a thorough brushing is important, too aggressive brushing can damage the gums and cause pain. Using a brush with hard bristles or applying excessive pressure can cause recession and sensitivity in gums. To prevent guming pain, opt for a soft or extr a-brain bristle brush and use soft and circular movements when brushing you.
  2. Neglect periodic dental reviews: skipping routine dental reviews and cleaning can contribute to gum pain. Periodic visits to the dentist allow us to early detect any problem related to gums or dental diseases. Dental professionals can perform cleaning, scraped and professional treatments to maintain healthy gums and treat any underlying problem.
  3. Smoking: smoking or consuming tobacco products not only stains the teeth, but also increases the risk of gum disease. Smoking weakens the immune system, which hinders the organism the fight against infections, including those that affect the gums. Stop smoking can significantly improve gum health and reduce their pain.

Tip: Look for the support of health professionals or sign up for smoking unblocking programs to quit smoking successfully.

Abandoning these oral habits and adopting healthier practices can help a lot to prevent and reduce gum pain. Good oral hygiene, periodic dental reviews and the elimination of tobacco consumption are crucial steps to maintain healthy gums and a general oral wel l-being.

Other Health Conditions That Can Cause Gum Pain

The gum pain may be due to other health problems other than gum disease or poor oral hygiene. Knowing these conditions and their symptoms can help identify the underlying cause of gum pain and guide proper treatment. Here, we discuss some common health conditions that can lead to gum pain.

1. Ate: Also known as AFTAS, Ate are small and painful lesions that can be developed in the gums, as well as inside the cheeks and lips. They usually appear as round or oval ulcers of white or yellowish with a red edge. The acts are not contagious and can be triggered by hormonal changes, stress, certain foods or even small mouth injuries.

  • Symptoms of the Ate:
    1. Painful ulcers in the gums
    2. Tingling sensation or burning before the airs appear
    3. Difficulty eating or speaking
    4. Inflamed lymph nodes

Note: Ate are usually cured by themselves in one or two weeks. Sale analgesics without recipe or oral topical gels can help relieve discomfort.

2. Nutritional deficiencies: Inadequate intake of essential nutrients can have a negative impact on oral health and cause gum pain. The lack of vitamin C, for example, can make the gums swell, become sensitive and prone to bleeding. Similarly, an insufficient intake of vitamin B3 (Niacin) can cause Pelagra, a disease characterized by the inflammation of gums, among other symptoms.

  • Symptoms of nutritional deficiencies:
    1. Inflammation and sensitivity of gums
    2. Bleeding gums
    3. Delay in wound healing
    4. Weakness and fatigue

3. Oral candidiasis: Oral candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by excessive growth of Candida yeast in the mouth. It can cause gum pain, along with creamy white lesions in the gums, tongue, the inside of the cheeks or palate. Factors such as a weakened immune system, diabetes, certain medications and a poorly adjusted denture can increase the risk of developing oral candidiasis.

  • Symptoms of oral candidiasis
    1. Discomfort or gum pain
    2. White spots on gums
    3. Difficulty to swallow
    4. Loss of taste

These are just some examples of conditions that can contribute to gum pain. It is important to consult a healthcare professional to obtain a precise diagnosis and proper gum pain treatment, since the underlying cause may require a specific treatment.

Natural Remedies and Professional Treatments for Relieving Gum Pain

Natural medicine:

  • Rinse with salt water: A rinse with salt water can temporarily relieve gum pain. Dissolve half a teaspoon of salt in warm water and make buffs with the solution for about 30 seconds before spitting it. Repeat this process several times a day to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
  • Oil extraction: Oil Pulling is an ancient Ayurvedic practice that consists of making buffers with oil to improve oral health. For this you can use coconut or sesame oil. Rinse your mouth with a tablespoon of oil for about 15 minutes and then listen to it. Oil Pulling can help reduce the inflammation of gums and relieve pain.
  • Chamomile tea compresses: chamomile tea has ant i-inflammatory properties that can help calm gum pain. Prepare a cup of chamomile tea, let it cool and soak a clean cloth or a cotton in tea. Apply the compress in the affected area for a few minutes and repeat the operation as necessary.

Professional treatments:

  1. Scraping and root smoothing: This deep cleaning procedure is usually carried out by a dentistry professional to eliminate plaque and tartar accumulated under the line of gums. Raspud and root smoothing can help treat gum disease and reduce gum pain by promoting gum health and eliminating bacteria.
  2. Antibacterial mouthwashes: your dentist can prescribe or recommend an antibacterial mouthwash to help treat gum pain. These rinses contain antimicrobial agents acting on bacteria and eliminating them, favoring the healing of gums and reducing inflammation.
  3. Gum surgery: In severe cases of disease or gum recession, surgical intervention may be necessary to treat the underlying problem that causes gum pain. This may involve procedures such as gum graft to restore gum tissue and improve oral health in general.

It is important to consult a dentist if you experience persistent gum pain or if the symptoms get worse. They can provide a precise diagnosis and recommend adequate treatment options based on their specific situation.

Using natural remedies and seeking professional treatments, you can effectively relieve gum pain and promote optimal oral health. Remember to maintain a regular oral hygiene routine, which includes brushing your teeth twice a day, using dental thread and programming periodic dental reviews to prevent gum pain and other dental problems.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

Cannabis and Hemp Testing Laboratory
Add a comment