Discover the most effective contraceptive methods to make informed decisions about your reproductive health.

Discover the most effective contraceptive methods to make informed decisions about your reproductive health.

Choosing the most effective contraceptive method is an important decision for people who want to avoid pregnancy. With the numerous options available, it is essential to understand the advantages and disadvantages of each method. This article reviews several very effective contraceptive methods.

  1. Oral contraceptives (pill)

    The pill is a common and popular contraceptive method that is taken orally. It contains hormones that prevent ovulation, thick cervical mucus to block sperm and dilute the uterus coating. This prevents the fertilization of ovules and the implementation of the fertilized ovum. It is important to note that the pill does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

  2. IUD (intrauterine device)

    The IUD is a small T-shaped device that the doctor introduces into the uterus. It can be placed for several years, providing lon g-term contraception. There are two types of IUD: hormonal and copper. Hormonal IUD release progestogen, which thick cervical mucus and hinders sperm movement. Copper IUDs create a toxic environment for sperm that prevents fertilization. Both types have an efficacy greater than 99% and can be extracted at any time if a pregnancy is desired.

Although these are only two examples of effective contraceptive methods, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the best option according to individual needs and preferences. There are also other methods, such as condoms, contraceptive implants, patches and injections, which can be adequate alternatives. Explore the available options and understand their mechanisms of action will train people to make informed decisions about their sexual health.

Best Methods for Birth Control

1. Oral contraceptives:

Oral contraceptives, commonly known as contraceptive pills, are one of the methods most used by women to avoid pregnancy. These pills contain synthetic hormones that prevent ovulation, thick cervical mucus and modify the uterine lining, making it less receptive to the implementation of a fertilized ovule. There are two types of oral contraceptives: combined pills, which contain estrogens and progestogens, and pills that only contain progestogens.

Combined pills are very effective in preventing pregnancy when taken correctly, with a typical failure rate of only 0. 3%. However, they require daily monitoring and can have side effects such as weight gain, humor changes and intermenstrual hemorrhages. Progestogen pills alone, also known as “minipíloras”, have a slightly higher failure rate, of 0. 5%, since they are more sensitive to time and require strict compliance with the dosing program.

2. Intrauterine devices (IUD):

IUDs are small T-shaped devices that are inserted into the uterus to provide lon g-term contraception. There are two types: hormonal IUDs and copper IUDs. Hormonal IDU releases progestin, which fluidifies cervical mucus and dilutes the uterine coating. On the other hand, copper IUDs create a toxic environment for sperm, preventing fertilization.

IUDs are very effective, with a failure rate of less than 1%. They offer lon g-term protection that ranges between 3 and 10 years, depending on the chosen type. However, the insertion of the IUD can cause discomfort or cramps, and there is a small risk of complications such as expulsion or drilling of the uterus.

3. Barrier methods:

Barrera methods, such as condoms and diaphragms, physically prevent sperm reaching the ovule. Conservatives are made of latex or polyurethane and are the only method that offers protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). They are easily accessible, affordable and have a failure rate around 13% with typical use. The diaphragms, meanwhile, are silicone drinks that cover the cervix and should be used in combination with spermicide. They have a failure rate of approximately 12% and require adequate adjustment and insertion.

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