Discover the causes, symptoms and effective treatments for warts under the skin. Don’t let it bother you anymore, find relief today.

Discover the causes, symptoms and effective treatments for warts under the skin. Don't let it bother you anymore, find relief today.

Warts are common skin growths that can appear on various parts of the body. A type of wart that appears beneath the surface of the skin is known as a subcutaneous wart. Although they are not as visible as other types of warts, such as those that appear on the hands or feet, subcutaneous warts can cause discomfort and concern. Understanding the characteristics and treatment options of subcutaneous warts is vital to treating this condition effectively.

Anatomy of subcutaneous warts

  1. Subcutaneous warts develop in the layers of skin beneath the surface, making them less visible but potentially more problematic than other types of warts.
  2. They are caused by a common viral infection known as human papillomavirus (HPV), specifically HPV types 1, 2, 4 and 63.
  3. Subcutaneous warts usually appear as small, firm, flesh-colored nodules or bumps under the surface of the skin.

Important information: Subcutaneous warts are usually painless, but they can cause discomfort if they press on surrounding nerves or tissues. Unlike other types of warts, they do not have a rough or grainy texture. Due to their location under the skin, diagnosing subcutaneous warts may require a physical examination or biopsy by a healthcare professional.

To treat subcutaneous warts, healthcare professionals may recommend various options depending on the severity and location of the wart. These treatments may include cryotherapy (freezing the wart), laser therapy, electrocautery (burning the wart), topical medications, or surgical removal. It is important to see a doctor before attempting to treat subcutaneous warts on your own to ensure a proper diagnosis and minimize the risk of complications.

Understanding Wart under the Skin: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Caused by the same strains of HPV that cause other types of warts, such as common warts or plantar warts, subcutaneous warts usually appear when the virus enters the skin through a cut or scratch. Once inside, the virus triggers excessive growth of skin cells, resulting in the formation of a wart. Unlike other types of warts that appear as raised or wrinkled growths, subcutaneous warts develop as small flesh-colored or lightly pigmented nodules that are often painless.

Causes of Subcutaneous Warts:

  1. High risk strains infection through direct contact with an infected person or contact with surfaces contaminated with the virus.
  2. Commitment of the immune system, which reduces the body’s ability to combat HPV infection.
  3. Share personal objects, such as towels or razor, with an infected person.

Symptoms of Subcutaneous Warts:

  • Small meat color nodules or slightly pigmented under the surface of the skin.
  • Smooth and rounded appearance, without the typical roughness or high texture of other warts.
  • Painless growths that may not cause any discomfort.

Treatment Options for Subcutaneous Warts:

To facilitate the treatment of subcutaneous warts, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional. Although sometimes subcutaneous warts can be resolved by themselves over time, in many cases medical intervention may be necessary. The treatment options depend on several factors, such as size, location and number of warts present.

  1. Cryotherapy: The use of extreme cold, usually through liquid nitrogen, to freeze and destroy wart tissues.
  2. Electrocirugia: Warts surgically removed by an electric current.
  3. Topical treatments: prescribed medications containing salicylic acid or other chemical substances are applied directly on warts to gradually destroy them.
  4. Laser treatment: the use of intense light beams to attack and eliminate warts.

What is a Wart under the Skin and How is it Different from Other Warts?

  • Appearance: warts under the skin usually look like cauliflower and can be flesh or slightly darker. They can also have small black points, which are actually blood vessels that feed the wart.
  • Location: Subungual warts are usually found around or under the nails. They can appear on both the hands and the feet, but are more frequent in the hands.
  • Symptoms: In addition to their physical appearance, subungual warts can cause pain, especially when pressure is applied. They can also distort the shape of the nail, leading to abnormal growth.
  1. Propagation: HPV, the virus responsible for subungual warts, can be easily transmitted by direct contact. It can spread from person to person or from one part of the body to another.
  2. Treatment: The elimination of subungual warts can be difficult due to their location. The usual treatment options include cryotherapy (freezing), laser therapy, chemical cauterization or surgical split. A healthcare professional will determine the most appropriate treatment depending on each case.

Note: It is important not to try to eliminate a wart under the skin at home, as this can cause an infection and more complications. It is strongly recommended to consult a healthcare professional.

Common Causes of Warts under the Skin

1. HPV infection: The main cause of warts under the skin is an infection for certain HPV strains. There are more than 100 different types of HPV, and some types are more likely to cause warts than others. The virus penetrates the skin through a small cut or breakage on the skin surface, which allows it to infect the cells and cause the appearance of warts.

  • Directly touch the warts of an infected person
  • Share personal objects such as towels or razor with an infected person
  • Walk barefoot in public places like swimming pools or changing rooms
  • Use contaminated surfaces, such as doors or keyboards

2. Weakened immune system: people with a weakened immune system, either due to certain medical conditions or medications, are more susceptible to developing warts under the skin. When the immune system is weakened, it is less effective in fighting infections, including those caused by HPV.

3. Damaged skin: warts under the skin are more likely to develop in areas of the body where the skin is damaged or broken. Cuts, scratches or sharp wounds provide an entry point for the virus, which increases the risk of infection and the formation of warts.

In general, warts under the skin are usually caused by HPV infection, which can be transmitted through direct contact with an infected person or contaminated surfaces. In addition, a weakened immune system and damaged skin can increase the probability of developing these warts. It is important to practice good hygiene and take preventive measures to reduce the risk of getting HPV and developing warts under the skin.

Recognizing the Symptoms of a Wart under the Skin

1. Texture and sensation: When a wart is formed under the skin, it can be seen rough or with touch to the touch. Unlike normal skin, a wart can have an irregular surface with small high areas. Some people may also experience discomfort or pain by applying pressure at the place of the wart.

Tip: If you notice an area of the skin different or more rough than usual, it is important that you examine it carefully to detect signs of wart.

  • 2. Color changes: Subcutaneous warts can cause changes in skin color or pigmentation. The affected area may appear slightly darker or lighter than the surrounding skin. This discoloration can serve as a visual clue to the presence of a hidden wart.
  • 3. Swelling or bumps: In some cases, a wart under the skin can cause localized swelling or the formation of small raised bumps. These bumps can vary in size and be accompanied by redness or inflammation.

In addition, it is essential to keep in mind that warts under the skin can appear anywhere on the body, although they are often found on the hands, feet and trunk. If you suspect that you may have a wart under your skin, it is recommended that you consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and a tailored treatment plan.

Common symptoms of a wart under the skin:
Texture and feel: Rough or bumpy skin.
Color changes: Darker or lighter pigmentation.
Swelling or bumps: Localized swelling with small bumps.

Complications and Risks Associated with Warts under the Skin

1. Infection: One of the main risks associated with warts under the skin is the possibility of secondary infection. When a wart lies beneath the surface of the skin, it can create a warm, moist environment conducive to bacterial growth. If left untreated, it can lead to cellulitis, a bacterial skin infection characterized by redness, swelling, and tenderness in the affected area. In severe cases, the infection can spread to deeper tissues and cause abscesses to form.

It is essential to seek medical attention if you notice signs of infection, such as increased pain, redness, warmth, or discharge at the wart area. Prompt treatment with antibiotics may be necessary to prevent the infection from spreading or causing further complications.

2. Impaired function: Subcutaneous warts located in weight-bearing areas, such as the soles of the feet, can significantly affect mobility and daily activities. The presence of a wart under the skin can cause pain, discomfort, and difficulty walking or standing for long periods. If left untreated, the wart can increase in size and further impair the affected person’s ability to perform normal tasks.

3. Recurrence and propagation: Although warts under the skin can be treated successfully, there is a risk of reappearing and extending to other areas of the body. This occurs when the virus spreads from the initial place of the infection to the nearby healthy skin. In addition, scratching or rumming up the wart can inadvertently spread the virus to other parts of the body, giving rise to the appearance of new warts.

To minimize the risk of reappearance and propagation, it is important to follow adequate hygienic practices, avoid scratching or rolling the warts and quickly looking for treatment to eliminate the wart and prevent a greater transmission of HPV. Periodic monitoring and early intervention can help reduce the chances of complications and guarantee the timely resolution of subcutaneous warts.

Treatment Options for Warts under the Skin: Medical and Home Remedies

If you have subcutaneous warts, it is important that you consult a doctor before trying any treatment. A dermatologist or health professional can accurately diagnose the type of wart and determine the most appropriate treatment option. The medical treatments available for warts under the skin include:

  • Cryotherapy: It consists of freezing the wart with liquid nitrogen to destroy the affected tissue.
  • Topical medications: several sales medications can be applied directly on the wart with and without medical recipe that contain salicylic acid or retinoids to break it gradually.
  • Electrocirugia: This procedure uses an electric current to burn the wart.

In some cases, surgical split or laser therapy may be necessary to eliminate warts under the skin.

In addition to these medical treatments, there are also several home remedies that can be used as a complement to medical treatment or as independent options. These home remedies often use natural ingredients and can be easily applied at home. However, it is important to keep in mind that the effectiveness of these remedies can vary from one person to another, so it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional before trying them.

  1. Apple cider vinegar: Apply apple cider vinegar directly on the wart can help gradually break it and reduce its size.
  2. Tea tree oil: This essential oil has antimicrobial properties and can be applied topically on the wart.
  3. Banana peel: Place a piece of banana peel on the wart and hold it with a bandage during the night can help soften and remove the wart.

It is important to remember that constant and patient treatment is key when it comes to warts under the skin. Whether you opt for medical treatments and home remedies, it is recommended to follow the instructions provided by health professionals and give the treatment option chosen enough time to give results.

Tips for Preventing Warts under the Skin

1. Keeping the skin clean and dry maintain adequate hygiene is crucial to prevent the growth of warts under the skin. Wash your hands regularly with warm water and soap, especially after using public facilities or getting into contact with surfaces that can house the virus. Avoid sharing personal objects such as towels, shaving machinillas or shoes to minimize the risk of transmission.

  1. Avoid direct contact with warts: warts are very contagious, so it is important to avoid touching them. The virus can be transmitted from one person to another by direct contact or touching objects or surfaces that have been in contact with an infected wart. If you get into contact with a wart, wash your hands well and clean the affected area with an antiseptic solution to minimize the risk of infection.
  2. Strengthen your immune system: A strong immune system plays a fundamental role in the prevention of subcutaneous warts. Keep a healthy lifestyle following a balanced diet, exercising regularly and resting enough. Consider the possibility of incorporating foods that reinforce the immune system, such as fruits, vegetables and probiotics into your diet. In addition, control stress levels, since chronic stress can weaken the immune system and make infections more susceptible.

“Warts under the skin are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) and can appear anywhere in the body.”

“Maintain adequate hygiene, avoid direct contact with warts and reinforce the immune system are essential to prevent growth.”

When to Seek Medical Attention for a Wart under the Skin

1. Growth and propagation of warts

  1. If the wart continues to increase in size or extends to other areas of the body, it is recommended to seek medical attention. Fast growth or propagation of warts may indicate an underlying health problem or a more aggressive strain of human papillomavirus (HPV).
  2. The presence of multiple warts in different areas of the body can also justify a visit to a healthcare professional. This could be a sign of a weakened immune system, which can delay the body’s ability to combat virus.

2. Pain and inconvenience

Although warts are usually painless, they can become painful if they develop in weight-bearing areas, such as the soles of the feet. If you experience persistent pain, discomfort, or difficulty walking due to a wart, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional.

Seek medical attention for a wart under the skin if it continues to grow, spreads quickly, causes pain, or affects your daily activities.

3. Aesthetic problems

Although warts are usually harmless, they can be aesthetically bothersome, especially if they appear on visible areas of the body such as the face or hands. If the wart affects your self-esteem or causes you distress, consulting a dermatologist or healthcare professional can offer you treatment options to resolve cosmetic concerns.

Remember, if you are unsure whether you need medical attention for a wart under the skin, it is always best to consult a healthcare professional who can evaluate your specific situation and provide you with appropriate guidance.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

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