Discover the best medicine for abdominal pain to find relief and improve your health

Discover the best abdominal pain medicine to find relief and improve your health

Abdominal pain is a common symptom that can be caused by a variety of medical conditions, ranging from mild to severe. In some cases, the pain may be short-lived and resolve on its own, while in others it may be chronic and require medical intervention. Fortunately, there are several medications available to help relieve abdominal pain and discomfort, providing relief to patients while addressing the underlying cause.

When treating abdominal pain, healthcare professionals may prescribe different types of medications depending on the specific cause and severity of the pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, are often recommended for mild to moderate abdominal pain. NSAIDs work by reducing inflammation and blocking the production of certain chemicals in the body that cause pain and inflammation. However, it is important to note that long-term use of NSAIDs can have side effects, such as gastrointestinal ulcers.

TIP: NSAIDs are generally not recommended for people with a history of stomach ulcers, kidney problems, or who take blood-thinning medications. Always consult your doctor before starting any new medication.

In cases where abdominal pain is caused by a specific condition, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or peptic ulcers, specific medications may be prescribed. Antispasmodic medications, such as dicyclomine, can help relieve abdominal cramps and spasms associated with conditions such as IBS. These medications relax the muscles of the intestine, reduce pain, and make bowel movements easier.

Medicine Use Side effects
Dicyclomine Relieves abdominal cramps and spasms Drowsiness, dry mouth, blurred vision
Ondansetron Treats nausea and vomiting Headache, constipation, fatigue
Ranitidine Reduces heartburn Headache, dizziness, diarrhea

Another medication commonly used to relieve abdominal pain is ondansetron. This medication is primarily prescribed to treat nausea and vomiting associated with conditions such as gastroenteritis or chemotherapy. By blocking certain chemicals in the body, ondansetron helps alleviate these symptoms and provides relief to patients. However, it is important to be aware of possible side effects, such as headache and constipation.

Understanding Abdominal Pain: Causes and Treatment Options

Causes of Abdominal Pain

Gastrointestinal disorders:

  • Gastroenteritis: also known as stomach flu, gastroenteritis is the inflammation of the stomach and intestines, usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting.
  • Peptic ulcers: They are open sores that are developed in the stomach lining or at the top of the small intestine. They can cause a feeling of burning, swelling and discomfort in the abdomen.
  • Appendicitis: It is the inflammation of the appendix, a small bag located in the lower right of the abdomen. Appendicitis usually sees with acute abdominal pain that begins around the navel and moves towards the lower right part of the abdomen.

It is important to seek immediate medical attention if you experience intense abdominal pain, since it can be a sign of a serious condition such as appendicitis or breakage of an abdominal organ.

Urinary tract problems:

  1. Urinary tract infection (ITU): An IU is an infection that occurs anywhere in the urinary system, including kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra. It can cause abdominal pain, frequent urination and ardor sensation when urinating.
  2. Kidney calculations: These are hard deposits that are formed in the kidneys and that can cause intense abdominal pain when they move through the urinary tract. The pain can radiate to the lower part of the abdomen and the inguinal area.

Treatment Options

The treatment of abdominal pain depends on the underlying cause. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the appropriate treatment plan. Some usual treatment options are

  • Medication: Free sales analgesics, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, can temporarily relieve abdominal pain from mild to moderate.
  • Antibiotics: If abdominal pain is caused by bacterial infection, antibiotics can be prescribed to eliminate underlying infection.
  • Surgical intervention: In cases such as appendicitis or certain gastrointestinal conditions, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove the infected or damaged organ.
Causes Treatment
Stomach flu Liquid replacement, rest and symptomatic relief with free sales medications.
Peptic ulcers Antacids, proton pump inhibitors, antibiotics (if the H. pylori bacteria is present) and changes in lifestyle.
Appendicitis Immediate surgical removal of the inflamed appendix (appendectomy).
Urinary tract infection (ITU) Antibiotics to treat bacterial infection, increased adequate fluids and hygiene intake.
Kidney calculations Analgesics, increased fluid intake and, in some cases, medical procedures to extract or break the calculations.

The Anatomy of Abdominal Pain

Upper abdomen: the upper part of the abdomen is above the navel and houses several important organs, such as stomach, liver, gallbladder and pancreas. Pain in this region may indicate problems with these organs. It can be sharp or deaf and radiate behind the back or shoulder.

  • The stomach: located in the upper left region of the abdomen, the stomach plays a crucial role in digestion. Receive the food from the esophagus and breaks them down with the help of gastric juices. The abdominal pain associated with the stomach can be caused by ulcers, gastritis or gastroenteritis.
  • The liver: located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen, the liver is the largest internal organ. It performs vital functions such as detoxification, bile production and protein synthesis. Abdominal pain in this area can be a sign of liver disease, hepatitis or bile calculations.
  1. The gallbladder: located under the liver, the gallbladder stores and releases bile to facilitate the digestion of fats. When gallstones are formed, they can cause intense abdominal pain, commonly known as biliary colic, in the upper right of the abdomen.
  2. The pancreas: located behind the stomach, the pancreas produces digestive enzymes and hormones such as insulin. The inflammation of the pancreas, called pancreatitis, can cause intense abdominal pain that radiates behind the back.

Understanding the location and function of organs within the abdomen is essential to effectively diagnose and treat abdominal pain. It is important to take into account the characteristics of pain, such as its intensity, duration and associated symptoms, to limit possible causes and offer adequate treatment.

Common Causes of Abdominal Pain

Gastroenteritis: gastroenteritis, also known as stomach flu, is a frequent cause of abdominal pain. This condition is caused by viral or bacterial infections that affect the digestive system. Symptoms may include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal cramps. It is important to stay hydrated and rest when gastroenteritis is suffered so that the body can fight the infection.

  • Viral or bacterial infection
  • Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Maintain hydration and rest

Appendicitis: Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix, a small organ located in the lower right part of the abdomen. The most common symptom is severe abdominal pain that starts around the navel and then moves to the lower right. Other symptoms may include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and low fever. In case of suspected appendicitis, immediate medical attention is necessary to prevent rupture of the appendix, which can lead to a more serious infection.

  • Inflammation of the appendix
  • severe abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting
  • Slight fever
  • Seek immediate medical attention
  1. Gallstones: Gallstones are solid deposits that form in the gallbladder, a small organ responsible for storing bile. When gallstones block the bile ducts, they can cause severe abdominal pain, often in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. Other symptoms are nausea, vomiting, and yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice). Treatment may include medication or surgery to remove the gallstones.
  2. Peptic ulcers: Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop in the lining of the stomach or duodenum (the upper part of the small intestine). These ulcers can cause abdominal pain, especially when the stomach is empty or after eating spicy or acidic foods. In some cases, peptic ulcers can cause serious complications, such as internal bleeding or perforation of the stomach or intestine.
  3. Urinary tract infection: A urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when bacteria enter the urethra and travel up to the bladder. The infection can cause lower abdominal pain, along with urinary symptoms such as frequent urination, burning sensation when urinating, and cloudy or strong-smelling urine. Prompt treatment with antibiotics is necessary to prevent the infection from spreading to the kidneys.


Abdominal pain has several causes, and it is important to identify the underlying condition for proper treatment. Gastroenteritis, appendicitis, gallstones, peptic ulcers, and urinary tract infections are just a few examples of common causes. Seeing a doctor is essential when experiencing severe or persistent abdominal pain, as it can help prevent major complications and provide relief.

The Role of Medications in Managing Abdominal Pain

A common class of medications used to treat abdominal pain are analgesics, which are painkillers. Analgesics can be classified into two main types: no n-opioid analgesics and opioidal analgesics. No n-opiate analgesics, such as no n-steroidal ant i-inflammatories (NSAIDs), act by reducing inflammation and blocking pain signals. They are usually the first line of abdominal pain treatment from mild to moderate. On the other hand, opioids are powerful analgesics that act by joining the opioid receptors of the brain and spinal cord, effectively reducing the sensation of pain. They are usually prescribed for intense or chronic pain that does not respond to no n-opioid analgesics. It is important to keep in mind that opiates entail a greater risk of dependence and adverse side effects, so they are usually prescribed with caution and only for shor t-term use.

  • No n-opiate analgesics: reduce inflammation and block pain signals. Some examples are NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and paracetamol.
  • Opioid analgesics: powerful analgesics that bind to opioid receptors, reducing the sensation of pain. Some examples are codeine, morphine and oxycodone.

Note: Opioid analgesics should be prescribed with caution and for shor t-term use due to the risk of dependence and adverse effects.

In addition to analgesics, other medications can be used to treat abdominal pain depending on the underlying cause. For example, if the pain is related to gastrointestinal reflux disease (EGE), medications called proton pump inhibitors (IBP) can be prescribed to reduce the production of stomach acid and relieve symptoms. The antispasmodic drugs, such as dicychlomine, help relax the smooth muscles of the digestive tract, reducing cramps and spasms that can contribute to abdominal pain. Antibiotics can also be prescribed if the pain is caused by an infection. It is essential that health professionals diagnose with precision the underlying cause of abdominal pain to offer specific and effective pharmacological interventions.

  1. Protons pump inhibitors (IBP): reduce the production of stomach acid and relieve the symptoms of the GERD.
  2. Antispasmodics: They help relax the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract, reducing cramps and spasms.
  3. Antibiotics: They are prescribed to treat abdominal pain caused by infections.

In general, medicines play a vital role in the treatment of abdominal pain, since they provide relief and address the underlying cause. It is important that health professionals carefully evaluate the patient’s symptoms, their medical history and possible risks before prescribing any medication. By adapting the treatment plan to each individual, health professionals can help relieve abdominal pain and improve the general wel l-being of patients.

Over-the-Counter Medications for Abdominal Pain Relief

1. Antacids: Antacids are usually used to relieve stomach burning, indigestion and other symptoms of excess stomach acid. They act neutralizing stomach acid, reducing the discomfort associated with abdominal pain. Some popular antacid brands are Tums, Rolaids and Maalox.

  • Tums: Tums is an antacid containing calcium carbonate as an active substance. It provides rapid relief of acidity and indigestion and is available in several flavors.
  • Rolaids: Rolaids is another antacid that contains calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide. It is known for its double action formula that provides rapid acidity and acid indigestion relief.
  • Maalox: Maalox is an antacid that combines aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide and syntheticone. It helps relieve acid indigestion, stomach burning and gases, offering a complete solution for abdominal discomfort.

Antigas medications can relieve abdominal pain caused by gases or swelling. These medications act by breaking the gas bubbles in the stomach, relieving the associated pain and discomfort.

2. Soyticone: Sympticone is an ingredient commonly used in antigás. It acts altering the surface tension of gas bubbles, which allows them to be combined and expel more easily. This helps relieve swelling, pressure and other symptoms of excess gas in the digestive tract.

In addition to antacids and antigá medications, there are digestive free sales aids that can help relieve abdominal pain caused by indigestion or constipation.

  1. Digestive enzymes: digestive enzymes contain several enzymes that help decompose carbohydrates, proteins and fats in the digestive system. These enzymes contribute to adequate digestion and can relieve the symptoms of indigestion, such as abdominal discomfort and swelling.
  2. Laxatives: laxatives are usually used to relieve constipation, which can cause abdominal pain and discomfort. They help promote regular intestinal movements and soften the feces, facilitating the passage through the digestive tract.
Product Active ingredient Indications
Digestive enzymes Variety of enzymes (for example, amylase, protease, lipase) Indigestion, swelling, discomfort
Laxatives Variety of ingredients (e. g., Psilio, Sen) Constipation, abdominal pain

Prescription Medications for Treating Abdominal Pain

1. Antispasmodics: Antispasmodic medications are usually prescribed to help relieve muscle spasms and cramps in the abdomen. These medications act relaxing the smooth muscles of the digestive tract, which can help relieve pain caused by conditions such as irritable intestine syndrome (SII) or functional dyspepsia. Some examples of antispasmodics are dicychlomine (Bentyl) and Hiosciamine (Levsin).

2. Protons pump inhibitors (IBP): IBP are a class of medications that are frequently used to treat conditions that cause acid reflux and stomach ulcers. These medications act by reducing the production of stomach acid, which helps reduce inflammation and relieve abdominal pain. Among the most prescribed IBPs are omeprazole (prilosec) and esomeprazole (nexum).

Note: It is important to follow the prescribed dose and the duration of IBP treatment, since its lon g-term use can have potential side effects. Consult your doctor to guide and control properly.

Type of medication Examples
Antispasmodics DICICLOMINA (Bentyl), Hiosciamine (Levsin)
Protons pump inhibitors (IBP) Omeprazole (prilosec), esomeprazole (nexium)

3. Analgesics: Analgesic medications, also known as pain soothing, can be prescribed to control abdominal pain caused by conditions such as kidney stones or inflammation of the gallbladder. These medications act by blocking the pain signs that reach the brain, providing temporary relief. The most used analgesics for abdominal pain are opioids (such as codeine) and no n-steroidal ant i-inflammatories (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen.

  • Opioids: Codeine, Hydrocodone
  • NSAID: ibuprofen, naproxen

It is important to keep in mind that prescription medications for abdominal pain should only be taken under the supervision of a healthcare professional. This will evaluate its status, identify the underlying cause of pain and prescribe the most appropriate medication to your specific needs. In addition, always follow the prescribed dosage and consult your health professional if you experience any unexpected side effect.

Alternative Medicine Approaches for Abdominal Pain Relief

In addition to traditional medical treatments, alternative medicine can relieve abdominal pain. These alternative methods focus on holistic healing and intend to address the underlying causes of pain instead of limiting themselves to relieving symptoms. Alternative medicine, which incorporates techniques such as acupuncture, herbal remedies and dietary changes, offers an integral approach to treat abdominal discomforts.

Acupuncture: A promising method of alternative medicine to relieve abdominal pain is acupuncture. Originally from the ancient Chinese medicine, acupuncture consists of the insertion of fine needles into specific body points to stimulate energy flow. This technique helps to rebalance body energy and favors healing. Studies have shown that acupuncture can effectively reduce abdominal pain relaxing the muscles, regulating gastrointestinal motility and reducing inflammation.

  • Acupuncture is a holistic treatment that encourages the natural capacity of the body to heal.
  • It can help relieve abdominal pain acting on the root of discomfort.
  • Research supports their effectiveness to reduce muscle tension, improve digestion and reduce inflammation.

Herbal remedies: Another alternative medicine approach for abdominal pain relief implies the use of herbal remedies. Traditional phytotherapy uses the healing properties of various natural plants and ingredients to relieve pain. For example, ginger has been used for centuries to treat abdominal pain and digestive problems. Its ant i-inflammatory properties can help reduce inflammation that usually accompanies abdominal discomfort. Mint is another popular herb that can calm the gastrointestinal tract and relieve symptoms such as swelling and cramps.

  1. Plant remedies offer a natural and softer approach to treat abdominal pain.
  2. Ginger and mint are two herbs of common use that have demonstrated their effectiveness to relieve abdominal discomfort.
  3. These herbs can help reduce inflammation, soothe the digestive system and relieve symptoms such as swelling and cramps.

Diet changes: making diet changes can also play an important role in handling abdominal pain. Certain foods can trigger or worsen abdominal discomfort, while others can relieve them. For example, a low fiber diet can relieve symptoms in people with conditions such as irritable intestine syndrome (SII), while a fibe r-rich diet can favor regular intestinal movements and prevent constipation. It is essential to work with a healthcare professional or dietitian to determine what dietary changes are suitable for individual needs.

Recommended dietary changes to relieve abdominal pain:
Foods that must be included: Foods rich in fiber, such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables.
Foods that should be limited or avoided: Fatty, spicy foods, alcohol and caffeine.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

Cannabis and Hemp Testing Laboratory
Add a comment