Discover how calluses are on the feet with these useful images. Learn to identify and treat them to relieve them.

Discover the appearance of calluses on the foot with these useful images. Learn to identify and treat them to obtain relief.

When it comes to feet problems, calluses can be both a discomfort and a source of discomfort. The calluses on the feet usually develop due to excessive pressure or friction, normally as a result of poorly adjusted footwear or an irregular mechanic of the foot. To better understand what calls look and how they can affect you, we have gathered a collection of detailed images that will serve as a reference.

  1. What are calluses?
  2. The calluses, clinically known as Helomas, are small areas of thickened skin that are formed due to repetitive pressure or friction on the foot. These hardened leather areas usually appear on the top and side of the fingers, as well as on the soles of the feet. They can appear as small high bumps surrounded by yellowish or grayish skin.

  3. Callos images in different areas of the foot:
  4. Calluses on the fingers Calluses in the sole of the foot

    One of the main causes of calluses is the use of shoes too tight or touching the skin. They can also be the result of deformities such as hammer fingers or bunions, which create areas of greater pressure in specific parts of the foot. It is essential to identify calluses promptly to avoid more discomfort and possible complications.

I knew it? Calluses are not the same as hardness, although they share similar characteristics. Unlike calluses, hardness are usually larger, occur in areas of the foot that support weight and lack a defined center. If you are not sure of whether you have a callus or calluses, it is best to consult a healthcare professional to obtain a precise diagnosis and proper treatment.

Corn on Foot Pictures: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

One of the main causes of calluses in the foot is excessive pressure or friction in specific areas of the foot. This can happen when the footwear is too narrow or tight, which makes the fingers tighten and rub against the interior of the shoe. In addition, calluses can be developed by activities that suppose a repeated effort for the feet, such as running or walking long distances. Friction and pressure cause the thickening of the skin, forming a callus.

Important information:

  • Shoes tight or badly tight can cause the appearance of calluses on the foot.
  • Activities that submit to the feet to repetitive efforts can cause calluses.
  • Calluses are the result of thickening and tightening of the skin due to pressure and friction.

The symptoms of calluses on the feet can vary according to the person and the severity of the condition. Common symptoms include the presence of a high and hardened protuberance in the skin of the foot, often with a core in the center. This bump can be painful when pressure is applied and can cause discomfort when wearing footwear. In some cases, calluses can be inflamed and infected, causing additional symptoms such as redness, swelling and even pus suppuration.

Key symptoms:

  1. High and tightened protuberance in the foot with a nucleus.
  2. Pain and discomfort when applying pressure.
  3. Possible inflammation, redness, swelling and pus in severe cases.

Understanding Corns on the Foot


  • Inadequate footwear: the use of shoes that are too tight, narrow or with high heels can increase pressure in certain areas of the feet and cause calluses.
  • Abnormal foot structure: certain foot anomalies, such as bunions or hammer fingers, can cause friction and pressure that give rise to calluses.
  • Repetitive activities: activities that imply repetitive movements, such as running or dancing, can contribute to the appearance of calluses.
  • Foot deformities: foot deformities, such as flat feet or high arches, can cause an unequal distribution of weight and pressure, which leads to calluses formation.
  1. Symptoms:
  2. Calluses can cause various symptoms, including

    • Pain or sensitivity in the place of callus
    • Hardened or thickened skinned skin
    • Bulky appearance, like a lump
    • Touch sensitivity
Treatment options Advantages Inconveniences
Use of adequate footwear – Reduces pressure and friction – Help prevent future calluses – You may require time to find adequate shoes – limited efficacy for existing calluses
Use protective pads – Provides additional damping – Reduces pressure on calluses – Temporary relief – It may be necessary to change them frequently
Exfoliate and hydrate the feet regularly – Keep the skin soft and prevents the calluses to get worse – Does not eliminate calluses completely – requires constant maintenance

Common Causes of Corns

1. Inadequate footwear: Wearing shoes too tight or too comfortable can cause the appearance of calluses. The tight footwear can press the fingers of the feet, causing friction and pressure on the skin. On the other hand, loose shoes can cause the foot to slide and rub against the interior of the shoe, which causes the appearance of calluses.

2. High heels: High heel shoes are a common guilty of calluses formation. Heel elevation causes greater pressure in the front of the foot, specifically on the fingers. This constant pressure can cause calluses in the fingertips or in the ball of the foot.

Note: To reduce the risk of calluses and other feet problems, it is essential to carry a footwear that adjusts well and provides support. Choosing shoes with a wide toe and adequate damping can help avoid excess friction and feet pressure.

3. Foot deformities: Some foot deformities, such as hammer fingers, bunions or flat feet, can contribute to the appearance of calluses. These conditions alter the natural alignment of the foot, leading to areas of greater pressure. The constant rubbing and friction against shoes can cause calluses in these areas.

4. Repetitive activities: to perform repetitive activities that imply excessive pressure or friction on the feet, such as running, dancing or practicing sports, can increase the probability of developing calluses. Route or continuous trauma in the same area can make the skin swell and form calluses as a protection mechanism.

Common causes of calluses
Causes Description
Inappropriate footwear Wear too tight or too loose shoes
High heels High footwear that exerts greater pressure on the fingers of the foot
Foot deformities Conditions that alter the natural alignment of the foot
Repetitive activities Performing activities that involve excessive pressure on the feet

Identifying the Symptoms of Corns

1. Thickened skin and rough a key symptom of calluses is the presence of thickened and rough skin in the affected area. This rough skin may seem hard and often has a yellowish or grayish color. Calluses usually develop as a protective response to repeated pressure or friction on the skin. Thickened skin serves as a natural defense mechanism, but can cause pain and discomfort if it is not.

  • Example: thickened and rough skin in the form of a round and hardened area on the side of the big toe can indicate the presence of a callus.

2. Located pain: calluses can cause localized pain and sensitivity, especially when pressure is applied to the affected area. This pain can vary from slight discomfort to acute and intense sensations. Shoes that constantly touch against calluses can exacerbate pain and hinder the march or carry out usual activities.

Example: A callus on the floor of the foot can cause pain and important discomfort when walking or standing for long periods of time.

3. skin irritation and redness: calluses can cause skin irritation and redness around the affected area. This may be the result of the body’s inflammatory response to callos formation. The skin may appear swollen and sensitive to touch. It is important to note that calluses can infect if proper hygiene is not maintained.

Common symptoms of calluses:
– Thickened and rough skin
– Located pain
– skin irritation and redness

Different Types of Corns and Their Characteristics

1. Hard calluses: Hard calluses, also called Hard Helomes, are the most common type of calluses. They usually appear as a hard, dense, round and high leather protuberance, with a central nucleus. Hard calluses can be formed at the top or side of the fingers, as well as on the sole of the foot. They are usually the result of excessive pressure or friction due to poorly adjusted footwear or activities such as running or walking for a long time.

  • Characteristics of hard calluses
    • Dense and thickened skin
    • Round shape
    • Painful when they are pressed
    • They can have a central nucleus

Note: Hard calluses usually appear in the areas of the foot that support weight, such as metatarsal or fingers. They usually appear in people with structural abnormalities on their feet or carry very tight shoes.

2. Soft calluses: soft calluses, also known as Heloma Molle, are similar to hard calluses but have a softer texture. They usually develop between the fingers of the feet, where the skin is wet and is prone to friction and pressure. Soft calluses may seem white and gummy, and can cause pain, sensitivity or infection if they are not treated. These calluses are usually caused by wet feet, tight shoes or crooked fingers.

  • Characteristics of soft calluses
    • Soft and gumous texture
    • Whitish or grayish color
    • Sensitivity and pain
    • They are often among the fingers of the feet

Note: The humid and warm environment between the fingers of the feet provides the ideal conditions for the development of soft calluses. The use of open shoes or frequent change of socks can help prevent the formation of these calluses.

Summary of calluses
Hard calluses (Heloma Durum) Soft calluses (Heloma Molle)
Dense and thickened skin Soft and gumous texture
Round form with central nucleus Whitish or grayish color
Painful when they are pressed Sensitivity and pain
They appear in the areas of the foot or fingers that support weight

How to Prevent Corns from Developing

1. Choose proper footwear: Wear comfortable shoes that fit well is crucial to prevent calluses. Make sure the shoes have enough space for the fingers to move freely. Avoid tight or narrow toe shoes, as they can increase pressure on the feet and cause calluses.

  1. Opt for a shoe with good cushioning and support to distribute the weight evenly throughout the foot and minimize friction.
  2. Consider the possibility of using orthopedic templates or supports for the arc of the foot that provide additional damping and reduce pressure in specific areas.
  3. Avoid high heels or shoes with sharp toe, as they can excessive pressure on certain parts of the foot.

2. Keeping your feet clean and hydrated: Maintaining good feet hygiene is essential to prevent calluses. Washing and drying your feet regularly can help eliminate dirt and bacteria, reducing the risk of infection. Apply a moisturizer to keep the skin of your feet soft and flexible.

Tip: Avoid applying moisturizer between the fingers of the feet, since an excess of moisture in this area can favor the appearance of fungi.

3. Use protective pads: Apply protective pads in friction or pressure areas, such as the sides or the sole of the feet. There are several types of pads, such as foam or silicone, which can easily adhere to the skin with an adhesive.

Types of protective padding Advantages
Foam pads Shocks and absorb impacts
Silicone pads Reduce friction and avoid calluses
Gel toe They protect the rubbing fingers with footwear

Following these preventive measures, it can significantly reduce the risk of developing calluses and maintaining healthy and comfortable feet.

Effective Home Remedies for Treating Corns

The calluses, also known as Helomas, are thickened and hardened areas of the skin that usually appear on the feet or fingers. They are usually caused by repetitive friction or pressure, such as the use of inappropriate footwear or performing activities that exert pressure on the feet. Callos can be painful, especially when pressure is exerted, and can cause complications if they are not treated.

1. Soaking

To submerge the feet in hot water is a simple but effective home remedy to treat calluses. Hot water helps soften callus, facilitating its elimination. Add salt from EPSOM or a soft water soap to obtain greater benefits. Soak the feet of 15 to 20 minutes and then gently rub the callus with a pumice stone to remove dead skin. Repeat this process daily until callus disappears.

2. Olive Oil

Olive oil is not only a basic food in the kitchen, but also a natural remedy for calluses. Its moisturizing properties help soften hardened skin, facilitating its elimination. Before bed, apply a few drops of olive oil on callus and cover it with an adhesive bandage or tape. Leave it all night. In the morning, remove the bandage and gently exfolia the softened area with a pumice stone or a wipe. Repeat this remedy daily until callus disappears.

Important: Avoid applying olive oil if it is allergic to it. If the callus does not show signs of improvement or becomes increasingly painful, consult a healthcare professional.

3. Shoe Modifications

Changing footwear can help relieve pressure on callus and prevent it from developing. Opt for shoes with a wider toe to accommodate the fingers and reduce friction. In addition, the use of protective pads, such as Molesquín or Gel, can provide damping and reduce pressure on the affected area. To prevent the calluses from reappearing, it is important to carry a footwear that adjusts well and offers adequate support.

When to Seek Professional Help for Corns

1. Persistent pain: If you have been treating a callus at home and continues to cause pain or important discomfort, the time may have come to consult a medical professional. The pain that persists despite adequate care and free sale remedies could indicate an underlying problem or the need for a more specific treatment.

2. Infection: The calluses that are infected require the immediate attention of a healthcare professional. Infection signs include redness, swelling, heat and secretion. These symptoms may indicate the presence of bacteria, so immediate medical intervention is necessary to prevent infection from spreading.

Remember: persistent pain or signs of infection require a professional evaluation of calluses to prevent complications and guarantee effective treatment.

3. Diabetes or circulatory problems: People with diabetes or poor circulation should always seek professional help for calluses. Calluses in these people can be especially problematic, since they are prone to slow healing and a higher risk of infection. A healthcare professional can provide adequate guidance and a custom treatment to minimize the risks associated with calluses in these medical conditions.

4. Difficulty of walking or performing daily activities: if the calluses in your foot cause difficulty in walking or prevent your daily activities, it is advisable to seek professional help. A healthcare professional can evaluate the severity of calluses and offer adequate treatment options to relieve pain and improve mobility.

Remember that, although mild calluses can often be treated at home, it is important to recognize when professional assistance is necessary to treat discomfort, prevent complications and promote effective healing. In case of persistent pain, signs of infection, underlying medical conditions or important functional limitations, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

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