Causes, symptoms and treatments of pain and eye swelling

Causes, symptoms and treatments of eye pain and inflammation

Experimenting discomfort in the eye, accompanied by pain and swelling, can be an distressing symptom that should not be ignored. There are several underlying conditions and external factors that can contribute to ocular pain and swelling, from slight to serious. It is important to identify the cause of these symptoms to provide proper treatment and prevent possible complications.

A frequent cause of eye pain and swelling is conjunctivitis, also known as conjunctivitis. This condition occurs when the conjunctiva, the fine transparent tissue that covers the white part of the eye and covers the inside of the eyelids, becomes inflamed due to viral or bacterial infections. The symptoms of conjunctivitis are redness, itching, aqueous secretion and light sensitivity. It can affect one or both eyes and is very contagious. Adequate hygiene and avoiding contact with infected people can help prevent the spread of this condition.

List of possible causes of pain and swelling ocular:

  1. Conjunctivitis (conjunctivitis)
  2. Orzuelo (Hordeolum)
  3. Strange object in the eye
  4. Ocular injury or trauma
  5. Obstructed tear duct

If you experience persistent pain and ocular swelling, it is important that you go to the doctor. In addition, avoid rubbing or touching the affected eye, since this can exacerbate symptoms and cause additional complications.

Eye pain and swelling depends on the underlying cause. In mild cases of conjunctivitis, lubricating columates without recipe, cold compresses and good hygiene practices can provide relief. However, it is important to consult a healthcare professional to determine the specific cause and receive the appropriate medication or treatment. In the most serious cases, it may be necessary to prescribe antibiotics or antiviral medications.

Causes and symptoms of sore and swollen eyes

Allergies: One of the most common causes of sore and swollen eyes are allergies. Allergic reactions occur when the immune system reacts exaggeratedly to a specific substance, such as pollen, pet dandruff or dust mites. When these allergens come into contact with the eyes, they can trigger an allergic response, causing redness, itching and swelling.


  • Redness and irritation of the eyes
  • Itching and burning sensation
  • Crying eyes or excessive tearing
  • Swollen eyelids

Infections: Eye infections can also cause pain and swelling. Bacterial or viral infections can affect the conjunctiva (conjunctivitis) or eyelids (blepharitis), causing discomfort and inflammation. These infections can be very contagious and spread from one eye to another or even other people.


  • Redness and pain in the eyes
  • Swollen and swollen eyelids
  • Ocular secretion
  • COSTRASY eyelashes when you wake up

Other possible causes of pain and eye swelling are dry eye syndrome, ocular fatigue due to excessive use of screens or reading, the presence of strange objects in the eye and certain medical conditions such as thyroid disorders. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to accurately diagnose the underlying cause and receive adequate treatment to relieve discomfort and promote eye health.

Home Remedies for Sore and Swollen Eyes

1. Cold compresses: Applying a cold compress in the eyes can help reduce swelling and relieve discomfort. Wrap some ice cubes or a cold compress in a clean cloth and put it gently on the eyes closed for 10-15 minutes. Repeat this operation several times a day to obtain relief.

  1. Pepine slices: cucumber slices are known for their soothing properties and can relieve pain and swelling. Place cold cucumber slices on the eyes closed for about 10-15 minutes and relax. Repeal it as necessary.
  2. Tea bags: used tea sachets, especially those that contain chamomile or green tea, can be beneficial for sore and swollen eyes. Soak the tea bags in cold water for a few minutes, then remove the excess liquid and place them on the eyes closed for 10-15 minutes.

It is important to keep in mind that these remedies do not replace the Medical Council and should only be used as a temporary solution. If your symptoms persist or get worse, consult a healthcare professional for adequate evaluation and treatment.

In addition to these home remedies, it is important to take care of the general health of the eyes. Avoid rubbing excessively and be sure to clean them regularly with a soft and not irritating cleaner. It is also advisable to wear sunglasses when leaving to protect the eyes of irritating agents such as dust and UV rays. Remember to rest your eyes enough, stop performing activities that fatigue them, such as spending a lot of time in front of a screen. If you wear contact lenses, be sure to follow adequate hygiene practices and replace them as you recommend your ophthalmologist.

When to look for medical attention:
If the symptoms persist or get worse after trying home remedies
If you experience intense pain or vision difficulty
If their eyes become sensitive to light or produce secretions

Remember that, although home remedies can provide temporary relief, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional to obtain adequate diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan for their sore and swollen eyes.

When to Seek Medical Help for Sore and Swollen Eyes

An important factor to consider is the duration and severity of the symptoms. If their eyes remain sore and swollen for a prolonged period or if the inconveniences are increasingly intense, it is advisable to consult a medical professional. In addition, if you experience sudden changes in vision, such as blurred vision or difficulty focusing, it is essential that you look for immediate medical attention, since they could indicate a more serious problem.

Remember that eyes are a delicate and vital organ, and that any persistent or severe symptom should not be ignored or underestimated.

In some cases, the cause of sore and swollen eyes can be an eye infection, such as conjunctivitis or keratitis. These infections can be very contagious and require the prescription of medicines to effectively treat the underlying problem. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional if you suspect an infection to avoid its propagation and guarantee adequate treatment.

  1. If you suffer from a pr e-existing eye disease, such as glaucoma or uveitis, and experience pain and swelling, it is crucial that you seek medical help immediately. These conditions can worsen quickly and cause irreversible damage if not treated.
  2. People who use contact lenses and present pain and swelling in their eyes should take them away immediately and go to the doctor. Complications related to contact lenses, such as corneal abrasions or bacterial infections, can cause serious eye damage if they are not treated promptly.

In general, it is essential to be alert in regards to ocular health and seek medical help whenever pain and swelling persist or if there are worrying accompanying symptoms. Early intervention can help prevent complications and guarantee the best possible result for ocular health.

Common Eye Infections that can Cause Sore and Swollen Eyes

1. Conjunctivitis: Conjunctivitis, also known as Eye Red, is a common ocular infection characterized by the inflammation of the conjunctiva. This fine and transparent fabric covers the white part of the eye and covers the inside of the eyelid. Conjunctivitis can be caused by a bacterial or viral infection, as well as allergies or irritating. Symptoms may include redness, itching, secretion and swelling of the eyelids.

Conjunctivitis can be very contagious, especially if it is caused by a viral or bacterial infection. It is important to practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently and avoiding rubbing your eyes, to prevent the spread of infection.

2. Orzuelos: Orzuelos are another frequent ocular infection that can cause pain and swelling in the eyes. They occur when the sebaceous glands of the eyelashes are infected, usually by bacteria. Orzuelos can lead to a red and sensitive lump at the edge or inside of the eyelid. The affected area can be swollen and hurt the touch.

  1. Orzuelos usually solve themselves in a few days, but the application of hot compresses and good hygiene of the eyelids can help heal and relieve symptoms.
  2. It is important to avoid squeezing or bursting the east, since it can cause an infection or complications.

3. Blefaritis: blepharitis is a chronic ocular condition characterized by inflammation of the eyelids. It can be caused by bacteria or problems in the sebaceous glands of the eyelids. Symptoms may include redness, itching, burning and swelling of the eyelids. In some cases, blepharitis can lead to the formation of Orzuelos or Chalazion (a type of eyelid cyst).

Common blepharitis symptoms: Treatment options:
  • Red and swollen eyelids
  • Cosy or greasy eyelashes
  • Burning or stinging sensation in the eyes
  • Increased light sensitivity
  • Regular hygiene of the eyelids (hot compresses, soft cleaning)

It is important to seek medical attention if you experience persistent eye pain, swelling or other worrying symptoms. An adequate diagnosis and treatment by a healthcare professional can help relieve discomfort and prevent complications associated with eye infections.

Tips for preventing sore and swollen eyes

  1. Rest regularly from the screens: spend too much time in front of a screen can force your eyes and cause pain and swelling. Make short pauses every 20 minutes and focus on distant objects to relax the eye muscles. This can help reduce fatigue and eye discomfort.
  2. Protect your eyes from the harmful UV rays: prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays (UV) of the sun can cause irritation and ocular inflammation. Whenever it goes abroad, wear sunglasses that offer 100%UV protection. In addition, consider the possibility of wearing a wide winged hat for greater protection.
  3. Practicing good hygiene: adequate hygiene can help a lot to prevent ocular infections and irritations. Always wash your hands before touching your eyes or applying ointments or medications. Avoid rubbing your eyes, as it can increase the risk of infections.

In addition, maintaining a clean environment can significantly reduce the chances of eye irritation. Clean and remove dust from your home regularly to minimize allergens that can trigger allergies and ocular inflammation.

Note: If you use contact lenses, make sure you follow adequate cleaning and storage practices to prevent eye infections. Avoid carrying them for prolonged periods and opt for glasses whenever possible. Consult your optometrist to obtain specific guidelines on cleaning and the use of contact lenses.

In addition to these tips, it is essential to submit to periodic eye reviews by a qualified ophthalmologist. They can identify any underlying problem or condition that can contribute to pain or inflammation and provide adequate treatments. Remember that taking care of your eyes is essential to maintain good vision and general wel l-being.

Relieving Pain and Discomfort from Sore and Swollen Eyes

1. Apply a cold compress: An effective way to reduce swelling and relieve eye pain is to apply a cold compress. Wrap some ice cubes in a clean cloth or use a cold gel compress and glow it gently on the closed eyelids for about 10-15 minutes. Cold temperature helps to get blood vessels and reduce inflammation.

Note: It is important to remember that ice should never be applied directly on the eye, since it can cause freezing and major damage. Always use a cloth or gel compress as a barrier.

2. Free sales ophthalmic drops: Sales of sales without recipe can temporarily relieve redness, itching and dryness associated with swollen eyes. Look for cooling specifically formulated to reduce redness or relieve allergy symptoms. Before using any columus, be sure to read the instructions carefully and consult a pharmacist if you suffer from any underlying disease or are not sure what is the most appropriate collar.

3. Practicing adequate eye care: caring for your eyes can help prevent swelling and discomfort. Remember that:

  • Wash your hands well before touching your eyes to avoid introducing bacteria.
  • Avoid rubbing your eyes, as it can exacerbate inflammation and cause more irritation.
  • Make sure the lighting is adequate and maintain a comfortable distance from the screens to reduce eye fatigue.
  • Make regular pauses to rest your eyes and avoid dryness.

If you incorporate these methods into your routine, you can effectively control pain and discomfort caused by irritated and swollen eyes. However, if the symptoms persist or get worse, it is crucial to seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause and receive proper treatment.

Medical treatments for sore and swollen eyes

A habitual treatment of pain and eye swelling is the use of eyebrows or ointments prescribed by a healthcare professional. These medications can contain ingredients such as corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, antibiotics to combat infection or lubricants to relieve dryness and irritation. It is important to follow the recommended dosage and application instructions provided by the healthcare professional to maximize the effectiveness of these treatments.

  • Ant i-inflammatory eyelets: These medications help reduce swelling and inflammation of the eyes, relieveing pain. They can be used for a certain period of time, according to medical prescription.
  • Antibiotic ointments: In cases where the swollen eye is due to an infection, antibiotic ointments can be prescribed to eliminate the underlying bacterial cause.
  • LUBRICATING COLIRIES: sore and swollen eyes may often be due to dryness or irritation. Lubricating eyebrows help hydrate the eyes, relieveing discomfort and favoring healing.
  1. Hot compresses: Applying a hot compress in the affected eye can help reduce swelling and relieve pain. To do this, soak a clean cloth in hot water and glow it gently on the eye for a few minutes, several times a day.
  2. Cold compresses: In cases where swelling is due to allergies or inflammation, a cold compress can be beneficial. A cold compress or a cloth soaked in cold water can be applied gently on the eye to relieve discomfort.
  3. Ocular rest and protection: Rest the affected eye avoiding activities that can force it, such as spending too much time in front of a screen, can help in the healing process. In addition, the use of protective glasses when exposed to possible irritating or allergens can prevent greater inflammation.

It is essential to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment of eye pain and swelling. The doctor will evaluate the underlying cause and determine the most appropriate course of action. In some cases, additional medication, such as oral antibiotics or anti-allergy drugs, may be prescribed to effectively treat the condition.

Complications and Long-Term Effects of Neglected Eye Inflammation


  • Infection: Unattended eye inflammation can pave the way for bacterial or viral infections, which can worsen symptoms and cause severe pain, redness, and discharge. The infection can spread to other parts of the eye or even adjacent structures, posing a risk of vision loss if left untreated.
  • Corneal damage: The cornea, the clear front surface of the eye, is susceptible to damage from chronic inflammation. Without proper care, inflammation and irritation can lead to corneal ulcers or abrasions, which can cause blurred vision, eye redness, and even corneal scarring.
  • Conjunctivitis: Prolonged inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin transparent tissue that covers the whites of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids, can cause conjunctivitis or “pink eye.”This condition causes redness, itching, excessive tearing and discharge, and can be very contagious if caused by a viral or bacterial infection.

Long-term effects:

  1. Visual impairment: Neglecting to treat irritated and swollen eyes can lead to long-term visual impairments. Constant inflammation can damage the delicate structures of the eye, such as the retina, optic nerve, and blood vessels, causing blurred vision, difficulty focusing, or even permanent vision loss.
  2. Dry eye syndrome: Chronic inflammation and swelling of the eyes can alter the production and quality of tears, causing dry eye syndrome. This condition is characterized by insufficient lubrication of the eyes, causing discomfort, redness, itching, and a gritty or burning sensation in the eyes.
  3. Chalazion Formation: A chalazion is a painless, slow-growing lump that forms inside the eyelid due to blockage of an oil gland. Continued inflammation of the eyelids can contribute to the development of chalazions. If left untreated, they can increase in size and cause discomfort, eyelid tenderness, and blurred vision.

Note: Neglecting eye inflammation and allowing it to progress without proper medical intervention can have serious consequences for visual health. If you experience persistent eye pain and swelling, it is essential that you see a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation and appropriate treatment.

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

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