Causes of vaginal itching: Explore the possible reasons of the vaginal itching and how to find relief.

Causes of vaginal itching: discover the possible causes of vaginal itching and how to relieve it.

Experimenting itching in the vaginal area can be an annoying and uncomfortable symptom that affects many women. It may be due to various factors and cause redness, swelling and an intense need to scratch. Although occasional itching can be normal, persistent or intense itching may be a sign of an underlying problem that requires medical attention.

  1. Vaginal infections: one of the most common causes of vaginal itching is an infection, which can occur due to an imbalance of vaginal flora. Fungal infections, also known as candidiasis, are characterized by itching, a white and thick flow and an unpleasant smell. On the other hand, bacterial vaginosis, caused by excessive growth of bacteria, usually pursue with itching, smelly flow with a smell of fish and changes in vaginal pH.
  2. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): Some STIs, such as trichomoniasis and genital herpes, can cause itching and vaginal discomfort. Tricomoniasis, caused by a parasite, usually causes itching, a foamy greenish yellow flow and pain when urinating or maintaining sex. Genital herpes, caused by herpes simple herpes virus, can cause itching, pain and the formation of painful blisters or sores.

It is important to consult a healthcare professional if persistent itching is experienced in the vaginal area, since it can help diagnose the underlying cause and provide proper treatment.

In addition to infections and STIs, there are other factors that can contribute to vaginal itching. Among them are included:

  • Hygiene products: The use of certain soaps, detergents, bubble baths or intimate hygiene products containing aggressive or irritating chemicals can alter the natural balance of the pH of the vagina and cause itching and irritation.
  • Allergies or irritating: allergies to materials such as latex, certain tissues or spermicides used in condoms can cause vaginal itching. In addition, contact with irritants such as fragrances, dyes or certain tissues can also cause discomfort and itching.
  • Hormonal changes: fluctuations in hormonal levels, such as those that occur during pregnancy, menopause or menstrual cycle, can affect vaginal health and cause itching.

Understanding the various causes of vaginal pruritus is essential for correct management and treatment. Therefore, going to the doctor is crucial to identify the underlying cause and receive adequate attention.

Hygiene Practices and Products

1. Cleaning: The vagina does not require energetic cleaning, and the use of strong soaps or vaginal showers can alter its natural equilibrium of pH. Instead, soft cleaning products should be used without perfume especially formulated for the intimate area. These cleaners help eliminate excess bacteria and dirt without causing irritation. It is recommended to wash the external genital area once a day and after performing activities that cause sweating or implying exposure to any potential irritating.

Note: It is important to avoid the use of scented soaps, bubble baths or scented products in the vagina, since they can contain chemical substances that cause itching or allergic reactions. In addition, women should refrain from using inappropriate items, such as wipes or scourers, to clean the vaginal area, since they can house bacteria and increase the risk of infection.

Choosing Feminine Products:

  • Compresses and tampons: During menstruation, it is essential to choose compresses or hypoallergenic and perfume tampons. The regular change of these products is crucial to avoid the accumulation of bacteria or other irritants.
  • Underwear: Opt for breathable and cotton underwear allows air circulation and helps prevent excess moisture from accumulating, reducing the risk of fungal or bacterial infections.
  • Tallitas: When wipes are used for hygienic purposes, it is advisable to choose wipes without perfume and without alcohol designed specifically for the intimate area. These wipes can help refresh, but excessive use to prevent irritations should be avoided.

2. Menstrual cups or disposable compresses: For women who prefer alternatives to tampons, menstrual glasses or disposable compresses made of natural materials can be a good option. It is believed that these products are less likely to cause itching or discomfort compared to some conventional compresses or tampons.

Recommended practices Measures to avoid
Use warm water and soft cleaning products to wash the external genital area. Use perfumed soaps or aggressive cleaners in the vagina.
Choose underweight underwear, such as cotton. Use tight and no n-breathable fabrics such as nylon or elastane.
Regularly change compresses and tampons during menstruation. Use scented or synthetic menstrual products.
If necessary, opt for wipes without perfume or alcohol. Use scented or alcohol wipes in the vaginal area.

Note: If, despite maintaining good hygiene, persistent pictures, irritation or other worrying symptoms are produced, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for a more exhaustive evaluation and proper treatment.

Yeast Infections: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

One of the main causes of fungal infections is an imbalance in the vaginal ecosystem. The vagina naturally contains a mixture of bacteria and yeasts. However, certain factors can alter this delicate balance, allowing the yeast to multiply and cause an infection. Some of the usual risk factors of fungal infections are:

  • Pregnancy: hormonal changes during pregnancy can increase the probability of developing a yeast infection.
  • Use of antibiotics: Antibiotics can end the beneficial bacteria of the vagina, causing excessive growth of yeasts.
  • Weakened immune system: people with a weakened immune system, such as those suffering from HIV/AIDS or undergo chemotherapy, are more prone to fungal infections.
  • No n-controlled diabetes: high blood sugar levels create an environment conducive to the development of yeasts, which increases the risk of infection.

Important information: It is essential to look for medical advice if you experience symptoms of fungal infection for the first time or if your symptoms do not improve after using free sale treatments. A healthcare professional can provide an accurate diagnosis and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If they are not treated, fungal infections can persist and cause more complications. In some cases, infection can extend to surrounding areas, such as vulva and thighs. In addition, fungal recurring infections may indicate an underlying medical condition that requires more research and treatment.

Common symptoms of fungal infections: Treatment options:
  • Intense itching and irritation in the vagina and vulva
  • Sensation of burning when urinating or during intercourse
  • Thick, white vaginal flow, similar to cottage cheese
  • Redness and swelling of the vulva
  1. Creams, ointments or free sale antimicotic suppositories
  2. Oral antimicotic medications with recipe
  3. Avoid irritating such as scented soaps and vaginal showers
  4. Use spitable cotton underwear
  5. Maintain good hygiene practices

Bacterial Vaginosis: A Common Vaginal Infection

Unlike other types of vaginal infections, such as fungal infections or urinary tract infections, VB is not caused by a specific pathogen or organism. Rather, it occurs when there is excessive growth of certain bacteria that reside naturally in the vagina, combined with a decrease in other types of bacteria that help maintain a healthy vaginal environment. This imbalance alters the natural level of pH of the vagina and leads to the development of the VB.

Key points on bacterial vaginosis:

  • VB is not considered a sexually transmitted infection (STIs), although sexual activity may increase the risk of developing VB.
  • Common VB symptoms include fish smell, gra y-white fine flow, itching and irritation.
  • It is important to seek medical attention for adequate diagnosis and treatment, since unrectioned VB can increase the risk of complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (EIP) or premature childbirth in pregnant women.

To diagnose the VB, the doctor usually performs a physical exam and can collect a vaginal flow sample to perform laboratory tests. VB treatment options usually include antibiotics, whether in the form of oral medication or topical creams or gels. It is important to complete all the treatment prescribed by the doctor to guarantee the complete eradication of the infection.

It is often possible to prevent the recurrence of the VB with good hygiene practices, such as maintaining the clean and dry vaginal area, avoiding vaginal showers or the use of perfumed products, wearing breathable underwear and practicing safe sexual behaviors. Periodic reviews with a healthcare professional are also recommended to control and treat any underlying condition that can contribute to the development of the VB.

Sexually Transmitted Infections


  • STIs can be caused by various types of microorganisms, such as bacteria (for example, chlamydia, gonorrhea), virus (for example, human papillomavirus, simple herpes virus) and parasites (for example, pubic lice, trichomoniasis).
  • They are normally transmitted through sexual activities that involve the exchange of body fluids, including vaginal, anal or oral sex.
  • Unprotected sex with an infected person considerably increases the risk of contracting an STI.


  1. The symptoms of STIs can vary depending on concrete infection, but some common signs are itching, burning or genital irritation, abnormal secretion of genitals, pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse and sores or blisters in the genital area.
  2. Some STIs may not cause any noticeable symptoms, leading to silent infections that can be transmitted to sexual partners.
  3. It is important to note that certain symptoms may overlap with other non-STI-related conditions, so it is crucial to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis.

It is essential to undergo regular STI screening, especially if you engage in high-risk sexual behaviors. Early detection and treatment are essential to prevent transmission and potential complications.


  • Correct and consistent use of barrier methods, such as condoms, can greatly reduce the risk of STI transmission.
  • Limiting the number of sexual partners and maintaining monogamous relationships with people who have tested negative for STIs can also help prevent infection.
  • Practicing good genital hygiene and avoiding sharing personal items that may come into contact with genital fluids, such as towels or sex toys, can further minimize the risk of transmission.

By knowing the causes, symptoms, and preventative measures of sexually transmitted infections, people can take proactive steps to protect their sexual health and the well-being of their partners.

Contact Dermatitis: A Common Skin Condition


  • Redness, itching and inflammation of the skin
  • Skin rash or blisters
  • Dry or cracked skin
  • Burning or stinging sensation

Contact dermatitis can be classified into two types: allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis. Allergic contact dermatitis occurs when the immune system reacts to a specific substance, such as certain metals or chemicals, that it recognizes as foreign. On the other hand, irritant contact dermatitis is caused by direct irritation of the skin by substances such as soaps, detergents or solvents.


  1. Exposure to certain metals such as nickel or gold.
  2. Contact with cosmetics, such as fragrances or preservatives
  3. Allergens such as latex or certain plants
  4. Harmful chemicals in cleaning products or pesticides
allergic contact dermatitis Irritant contact dermatitis
Caused by an immune response to specific substances Caused by direct skin irritation
Requires prior exposure to sensitize the immune system No prior sensitization is necessary
Common allergens include metals, fragrances and cosmetics Common irritants include soaps, detergents and solvents

It is important to identify the cause of contact dermatitis to treat it effectively and prevent future outbreaks. It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and guidance on treatment options.

Menopause and Hormonal Changes

One of the main hormones affected during menopause is estrogen. Estrogen plays a vital role in regulating the menstrual cycle and maintaining the health of the reproductive system. As women approach menopause, estrogen levels gradually decrease. This decrease can cause a number of symptoms, such as hot flashes, mood swings, and vaginal dryness.

Note: During menopause, decreased estrogen levels can cause thinning and dryness of vaginal tissues, which can cause itching, burning, and discomfort.

Vaginal itching is a common complaint among women experiencing menopause. Decreased estrogen levels affect the moisture and elasticity of vaginal tissues, making them more prone to irritation, dryness and itching. Additionally, the change in pH levels of the vagina during menopause can upset the natural balance of bacteria, causing infections that can further contribute to itching.

  • Thinning and dryness of vaginal tissues
  • Disturbance of vaginal pH balance
  • Infections

It is important for women who experience vaginal itching during menopause to see a doctor and receive appropriate treatment. Healthcare providers may recommend hormone replacement therapy or prescribe moisturizing creams or lubricants to relieve symptoms. Maintaining good hygiene practices, wearing breathable cotton underwear, and avoiding irritants can also help control vaginal itching.

  1. Consult a healthcare professional
  2. Consider hormone replacement therapy
  3. Use moisturizing creams or lubricants
  4. Maintain good hygiene practices
  5. Wear breathable cotton underwear
  6. Avoid irritants

Skin Conditions

1. Dermatitis: Dermatitis is a broad term used to describe inflammation of the skin. It can be caused by contact with irritants or allergens, such as soaps, detergents, perfumes, latex or certain fabrics. In the case of vaginal dermatitis, the area may become red, swollen, and itchy. It can be caused by sensitivity to certain hygiene products, such as vaginal douches or feminine sprays. Symptoms may be accompanied by a burning sensation or pain when urinating.

In vaginal dermatitis, irritating or allergens can trigger inflammation, which causes redness, swelling and itching in the vaginal area. Avoiding possible irritating and using hypoallergenic products can help relieve symptoms.

2. Fungal infection: fungal infections, also known as candidiasis, are common fungal infections that can affect different areas of the body, including vagina. They occur due to excessive growth of the Candida fungus, usually Candida Albicans, which is normally present in small quantities in the vaginal area. Fungal infections can cause intense itching, white and thick secretion similar to cottage cheese, and redness or swelling of the vulva.

  1. Vaginal fungal infections can be developed due to factors such as hormonal changes, weakening of the immune system, use of no n-controlled antibiotics or diabetes.
  2. The treatment of fungi infections usually includes antimicotic medications, either in the form of creams, suppositories or oral tablets.
Causes of vaginal itching Common skin conditions
Chemical irritants Dermatitis
Fungal overgrowth Fungal infection

These are just a couple of examples of skin conditions that can cause vaginal itching. Each condition may require a different treatment, so it is important to consult a healthcare professional to obtain an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

Causes of Vaginal Itchiness: Allergies and Irritants

Allergies: vaginal allergies occur when the body’s immune system reacts to specific allergens, which causes inflammation and itching. Among the most common allergens include certain tissues, latex condoms, personal care products (such as soaps, lotions and vaginal showers) and even certain foods or medications. It is essential to identify the specific allergen that causes the reaction to avoid it and prevent greater discomfort.

Important: If you suspect you have a vaginal allergy, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional. They can perform allergy tests to determine the specific allergen that causes the reaction and provide adequate treatment and prevention strategies.

Irritants: Irritants differ from allergies in which they cause direct irritation in the vaginal area instead of triggering an immune response. These irritants can include strong soaps, bubble baths, synthetic fabrics, certain detergents for clothing, spermicides and chemicals used in the manufacture of underwear or personal hygiene products. Exposure to these irritants can cause vaginal itching, redness and burning sensation.

Important: If you experience persistent vaginal itching or irritation, it is recommended to avoid the use of potential irritants and opt for gentle, hypoallergenic products instead. Additionally, maintaining good hygiene practices and washing regularly with warm water can help prevent irritation and reduce the risk of itching.

  • Common allergens: certain fabrics, latex condoms, personal hygiene products (soaps, lotions, vaginal douches), certain foods or medications.
  • Common irritants: Strong soaps, bubble baths, synthetic fabrics, certain laundry detergents, spermicides, chemicals used in the manufacture of underwear or personal hygiene products.
Allergies Irritants
They provoke an immune response Cause direct irritation
They require allergy tests for identification They can be identified by elimination and observation

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

Cannabis and Hemp Testing Laboratory
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