Advantages and use of oxygen by nasal cannula in medical treatments

Benefits and use of the nasal oxygen cannula in medical treatments

Oxygen therapy plays a fundamental role in the treatment of respiratory conditions, and one of the most used devices to administer supplementary oxygen is the nasal cannula. The nasal cannula is a flexible tube equipped with two tips that are introduced into the nostrils and allow oxygen to directly administer to the lungs. This no n-invasive method of oxygen administration is preferred by its simplicity, comfort and efficacy in various clinical environments.

The main advantage of using a nasal cannula is its ability to supply a continuous flow of oxygen to patients without preventing their ability to speak, eat or drink. The tips of the cannula rest comfortably in the nostrils and the oxygen flow can be adjusted to meet the specific oxygen needs of the patient. This type of oxygen therapy is usually prescribed to patients who need low to moderate oxygen levels.

Important note: Nasal cannulas are not suitable for patients with severe respiratory distress or need high flow oxygen therapy. In these cases, alternative oxygen administration methods may be necessary, such as nostrils with high flow or masks.

To correctly evaluate the amount of oxygen that is supplied through a nasal cannula, health professionals resort to pulsioximetry, a no n-invasive method to measure the levels of oxygen saturation in the blood of a patient. Placeing a small device similar to a clip, called pulseioximeter, on the finger or the patient’s ear lobe, medical professionals can control the efficacy of oxygen therapy that is administered through the nasal cannula and make the necessary adjustments.

  1. The nasal cannula is introduced into the patient’s nostrils, ensuring a comfortable adjustment.
  2. The tips of the cannula are curved down to avoid irritations and minimize discomfort.
  3. The oxygen flow is adjusted according to the patient’s oxygen needs and the pulseioximetry readings.
Advantages of oxygen by nasal cannula Limitations of oxygen by nasal cannula
Comfortable and well tolerated by most patients It is not suitable for patients with severe respiratory distress
Allows you to speak, eat and drink normally It can cause dryness or irritation in the nostrils
No n-invasive and easy to use Cannot administer high flow oxygen therapy

The Basics of Nasal Cannula Oxygen

Advantages of the nasal oxygen cannula:

  1. Ease of use: oxygen by nasal cannula is a simple and easy method to use oxygen to patients. It does not require any specialized equipment or a complex configuration.
  2. Comfortable: The tips of the cannula are designed to adapt comfortably to the nostrils, which makes it the preferred option for lon g-term oxygen therapy. It allows patients to speak, eat and drink without interruptions.
  3. Greater mobility: unlike other oxygen administration systems, the nasal cannula allows patients to move freely and perform activities while receiving oxygen therapy. This favors a better quality of life of people with chronic respiratory conditions.

“Oxygen by nasal cannula is a safe and effective method to administer supplementary oxygen to patients with respiratory failure. It provides a comfortable and practical solution that allows patients to maintain their mobility and perform their daily activities. Its eas y-t o-use design and their minimumInterference in daily life make it the preferred option for lon g-term oxygen therapy. “

Recommended oxygen flows:

Age group Oxygen flow (liters per minute)
You drink 0. 5 – 2 lpm
Children 1 – 6 LPM
Adults 1 – 6 LPM
Seniors 1 – 6 LPM

The recommended oxygen flows for oxygen therapy with nasal cannula vary depending on the patient’s age. It is important to adjust the flow depending on the specific oxygen needs of each person, which must be determined by a healthcare professional. The monitoring of oxygen saturation levels can help optimize therapy and ensure that the patient receives the necessary oxygen.

What is a Nasal Cannula?

The main objective of a nasal cannula is to supply a controlled oxygen flow directly to the patient’s lungs through the nostrils. This device is usually used in various sanitary environments, such as hospitals, clinics and home assistance. It is suitable for short and long term oxygen therapy and patients of all ages can be used from infants to adults.

The nasal cannula is a simple and effective method of administering oxygen to patients.

One of the advantages of using a nasal cannula is its versatility. It allows to manage low to moderate oxygen levels, which usually range between 1 and 6 liters per minute. The flow is adjustable depending on the specific oxygen needs of the patient, which can be determined by a healthcare professional.

  1. The nasal cannula is easy to use and does not require any special training or a complex configuration.
  2. The tips of the nasal cannula must be introduced into the nostrils and adjust comfortably.
  3. The flexible tube must be attached above the ears and below the chin to prevent the cannula from getting out.
  4. Be careful that the tube does not twist or bend, since this can obstruct oxygen flow.
Advantages of the nasal cannula:
Simple and comfortable to carry
Allows freedom of movements
Adjustable flow to meet individual needs

How does a Nasal Cannula Work?

The principle of operation of a nasal cannula is quite simple. When connected to an oxygen source, such as an oxygen concentrator or a bottle of portable oxygen, the device supplies a continuous flow of oxygen to the patient’s nostrils. Oxygen is mixed with ambient air and penetrates the nasal duct, where the patient inhales it. This continuous supply of oxygen helps maintain an adequate level of oxygen in the bloodstream, guaranteeing that the organs and vital tissues of the body receive the necessary oxygen for proper functioning.

Important information:

  1. The tips of the nasal cannula are designed to fit comfortably and safely in the patient’s nostrils.
  2. The oxygen flow can be adjusted according to the specific needs of the patient.
  3. Nasal cannulas are normally used for patients who do not require high oxygen concentrations.

The nasal cannula offers several advantages over other oxygen administration methods. Its light and no n-invasive design makes it more comfortable to carry for the patient for prolonged periods. In addition, the flexibility of the nostrils allows to move them and adjust them easily, which guarantees adequate adjustment and oxygen administration. The use of a nasal cannula also allows patients to eat, drink and communicate more easily compared to other oxygen masks or facial masks.

The nasal cannula is a widely used and effective tool to administer supplementary oxygen therapy. It plays a crucial role in improving the oxygenation of patients with respiratory conditions and in their general wel l-being.

Advantages of Using a Nasal Cannula

One of the main advantages of using a nasal cannula is its comfort and ease of use. Unlike other oxygen administration systems that may require a mask or a facial cover, a nasal cannula is designed to be light and not intrusive. It allows the patient to move and communicate freely while still receiving the necessary oxygen therapy. This can greatly improve the patient’s compliance and general satisfaction.

Advantage 1: comfort and ease of use for the patient.

Advantage 2: It allows the patient to move freely during oxygen therapy.

In addition to its comfort, a nasal cannula offers an effective oxygen supply. The cannula is designed to supply a constant oxygen flow directly in the patient’s nose, allowing an effective gas exchange in the lungs. This guarantees that the patient receives the necessary oxygen levels without the need for additional equipment or interventions.

  1. Effective oxygen supply.

In addition, the nasal cannula is a profitable option for oxygen therapy. Compared to other administration methods, such as oxygen masks or fans, nasal cannulas are relatively cheap and easy to achieve. This makes them a practical option for both health centers and patients who require lon g-term oxygen therapy.

  1. Profitable option for oxygen therapy.
Advantage Description
Comfort and ease of use Light and no n-intrusive device that allows the patient to move freely.
Effective oxygen supply The constant oxygen flow directly to the patient’s nose guarantees an effective gas exchange in the lungs.
Profitable option Compared to other methods, nasal cannulas are relatively cheap and easy to achieve.

Proper Usage and Safety Guidelines for Nasal Cannula Oxygen

1. Correct adjustment of the nasal cannula: Before administering oxygen therapy, it is essential to ensure that the nasal cannula fits the patient correctly. An adequate adjustment allows oxygen to be administered directly in the patient’s nostrils, while avoiding discomfort and skin irritations. The cannula must be placed with the tips down and inserted gently in the nostrils, making sure that they settle comfortably without excessive pressure.

IMPORTANT: Inspect the cannula regularly to check if it presents signs of wear. Replace it immediately if you find cracks, frayed tubes or loose connections.

  1. Medical supervision: Oxygen therapy with nasal cannula should always be administered under medical supervision. A healthcare professional must determine the appropriate flow depending on the patient’s condition and periodically supervise his response to oxygen therapy.
  2. Adequate cleaning and maintenance: To maintain cleaning the nasal cannula, it must be cleaned regularly with soft soap and warm water. Acclude it thoroughly and sequel it in the air before using it again. Avoid exposing the cannula to aggressive chemicals or excessive heat to avoid damage.
  3. Oxygen levels monitoring: It is essential to regularly control the patient’s oxygen levels while receiving nasal cannula therapy. This can be done using a pulseioximeter to ensure that the prescribed oxygen flow is adequate and that the patient’s oxygen saturation is maintained inside the desired interval.
To do Not to do
  • Make sure the cannula adjusts and places correctly.
  • Follow the prescribed oxygen flow.
  • Replace the cannula immediately if it detects any damage.
  • Do not adjust the oxygen flow without medical orientation.
  • Avoid exposing yourself to flames or smoking while using the nasal cannula.
  • Never block the tips of the cannula.

Choosing the Right Size and Flow Rate for Nasal Cannula Oxygen

First, selecting the appropriate size of the nasal cannula is essential for effective oxygen administration. The nasal cannulas are available in various sizes, which usually go from the size of a newborn to that of an adult. It is important to choose a cannula that fits perfectly to the patient’s nostrils without causing discomfort or exerting excessive pressure in the nasal ducts. Mally tight cannulas can cause inappropriate oxygen supply or irritate the patient’s nose.

IMPORTANT: Choose a nasal cannula size that provides a safe adjustment without causing discomfort or pressing the patient’s nostrils.

In addition, determining the proper oxygen flow is crucial to ensure that the patient receives the necessary oxygen concentration. The flows are measured in liters per minute (LPM) and may vary depending on the state and the patient’s medical needs. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the correct flow rate for each patient.

Important: See with a healthcare professional to determine the adequate oxygen flow depending on the state and the patient’s medical needs.

To help you choose the appropriate size and flow for the oxygen of the nasal cannula, the following table provides general guidelines:

Type of patient Nasal cannula size (adult) Recommended flow (LPM)
Adult Standard 1-6
Child (1-10 years) Pediatric 0. 5-3
Infant (0-1 year) Neonatal 0. 1-2

Common Mistakes to Avoid with Nasal Cannula Oxygen

1. Incorrect use of size and adjustment: One of the main errors is to use a nasal cannula of incorrect or poorly adjusted size. It is essential to choose the right size depending on the patient’s age, nasal anatomy and oxygen flow needs. A nasal cannula too small can cause discomfort, nasal irritation and even skin lesions, while a large size can lead to insufficient oxygen supply.

  • Tip: periodically evaluate the adjustment and comfort of the nasal cannula, making sure that it fits well without excessive pressure.

2. Incorrect placement: Another frequent error is the incorrect placement of the nasal cannula. It is essential to place the tips correctly within the patient’s nostrils to ensure optimal oxygen administration. Incorrect placement can cause oxygen leaks and inadequate inhalation of the prescribed dose.

  1. Tip: Remember patients breathing through the nose instead of the mouth to increase the efficacy of oxygen therapy.
  2. Tip: Check and periodically adjust the placement of the nasal cannula to maintain its correct position.

Remember that an adequate size and adjustment of the nasal cannula, as well as a correct placement, are crucial for the success of the administration of oxygen therapy through this method.

Alternative Oxygen Delivery Methods

1. Oxygen mask: An alternative to nasal cannulas is the oxygen mask, which covers both the nose and mouth. This method is especially useful when patients need higher oxygen concentrations or have difficulties to use nasal cannulas. Oxygen masks supply a greater volume of oxygen and can adjust to the needs of each patient. They also avoid the dilution of oxygen with ambient air, as can happen with open nasal cannulas. However, some patients can find uncomfortable oxygen masks or claustrophobic.

Important: oxygen masks are especially indicated for patients who require high oxygen concentrations or for those with nasal congestion or facial trauma.

2. Venturi mask: Another alternative is the Venturi mask, which provides precise levels of oxygen concentration. This mask has different colore d-encoded adapters that correspond to specific oxygen flows. Selecting the appropriate adapter, health professionals can accurately administer the desired oxygen concentration. The Venturi mask is especially useful in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or other conditions that require a precise oxygen degree. However, it should be noted that Venturi masks are less suitable for patients who require a high oxygen flow.

Important: Venturi masks are recommended for patients with COPD or who need precise and adjustable oxygen concentrations.

3. No n-respiratory mask: The no n-respiratory mask is a type of tank mask that guarantees the supply of a high oxygen concentration. It has a unidirectional valve between the mask and the reserve bag, which prevents the patient from inhaling the exhaled air. This method allows the maximum oxygen concentration to be supplied, since the patient breathes the oxygen from the reserve bag. It is usually used in emergency situations or when patients need high oxygen flows. However, the no n-respiratory mask can be uncomfortable for prolonged use and can cause skin irritation due to prolonged contact.

Important: No n-respiratory masks are suitable for emergency situations or for patients who require high oxygen concentrations, but should be closely monitored to check the patient’s comfort and possible side effects.

Comparison of alternative methods of oxygen administration
Administration Method Advantages Disadvantages
Oxygen mask Higher oxygen supply volume, suitable for patients with nasal congestion It can be uncomfortable and cause a sensation of claustrophobia
Venturi mask Precise levels of oxygen concentration, suitable for patients with COPD Less suitable for high flow oxygen needs
No n-respiratory mask Provides the highest oxygen concentration, suitable for emergency situations Uncomfortable for prolonged use, possible skin irritation

Author of the article
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Dr.Greenblatt M.
Medical oncologist at the Robert Larner College of Medicine, MD, at the University of Vermont

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